The most common are polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia, primary myelofibrosis, and chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). The signs and symptoms of PV include: Polycythemia: Types list. Though there is no known cure for the disorder, there are many different types of polycythemia vera treatment to help lower a patient's blood cell counts, decrease the viscosity of the blood, and prevent bleeding or clotting. When signs and symptoms are present, they're the result of the thick blood that occurs with PV. It is most commonly found by doctors in men over 60 years of age. Signs may include: An increase in red blood cells, platelets and white bloods cells A high hematocrit (the proportion of red blood cells in the blood) An increase in hemoglobin concentration (a protein found in red blood cells) Low levels of erythropoietin (a hormone that controls red blood cell production) Additional tests may include: Secondary polycythemia - also called reactive polycythemia - is characterized by excessive production of circulating red blood cells (RBCs) due to hypoxia, tumor, or disease.It occurs in about 2 out of every 100,000 persons who live at or near sea level; incidence increases among people who live at high altitudes. PV occurs when the body makes too many red blood cells. The two main conditions of primary polycythemia are polycythemia vera (PV) and primary familial and congenital polycythemia (PFCP). Polycythemia vera (PV) is a rare type of blood cancer in which your body produces too many red blood cells. There are several types of myeloproliferative disorders. Medications 6. A clot can also travel to the lungs (pulmonary embolism). Ringing in the ears (tinnitus) 12. Red blood cells are responsible for carrying oxygen through the body. This is not the only type of polycythemia. Fatigue 4. Alternatively, additional red blood cells may have been received through another process—for example, being over-transfused (either accidentally or, as blood doping, deliberately) or being the recipient twin in a pregnancy, undergoing twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome. Primary familial and congenital polycythemia (PFCP) is a condition related to a mutation in the EPOR gene and causes increased production of red blood cells in response to Epo. Polycythemia is an excess of red blood cells in the blood. More general medical disease topics related to Polycythemia include: Lightheadedness 5. The most dangerous complication of PV is a blood clot. Types of polycythemia. Burning sensations of the hands or feet Myeloproliferative disorders are acquired clonal stem cell disorders characterized by abnormal development and functioning of the bone marrow cells. Visual disturbances 7. Polycythemia vera (PV) develops slowly. The spleen may become increasingly enlarged. Polycythemia. Treatment focuses on reducing your amount of blood cells. Pain in the chest or leg muscles 9. polycythemia formally exists when the hemoglobin, red blood cell (RBC) count, and total RBC volume are all above normal. In polycythemia vera, all three cell lineages (red blood cells, granulocytes and platelets) is increased, most … In primary polycythemia, also called polycythemia vera, the bone marrow overproduces red blood cells. There are two types of polycythemia; 1) primary polycythemia and 2) secondary polycythemia. The overproduction of red blood cells may be due to a primary process in the bone marrow (a so-called myeloproliferative syndrome), or it may be a reaction to chronically low oxygen levels or, rarely, a malignancy. Weakness 2. Without enough oxygen, many parts of your body won't work normally. Affected individuals may also have excess white blood cells and blood clotting cells called platelets. polycythemia (pŏl'ēsīthē`mēə), condition characterized by an increase in the production of red blood cells, or erythrocytes, in the blood.Primary polycythemia, also called erythremia, or polycythemia vera, is a chronic, progressive disease, most common in middle-aged men. Diagnosis Blood tests are used to diagnose polycythemia vera. Polycythemia is an excess of red blood cells in the bloodstream. They also cause complications, such as blood clots, which can lead to a heart attack or stroke.Polycythemia vera isn't common. Types of polycythemia. 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