The list of the Vietnam War’s iconic aircraft—with the McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II fighter-bomber, Bell’s UH-1 “Huey” helicopter and the Boeing B-52 Stratofortress bomber usually near the top—doesn’t often include Lockheed’s four-engine jet transport, the C-141 Starlifter.But that cargo hauler, which may seem to some as merely a truck with wings, also … In December 1966 the MiG-21 pilots of the 921st FR downed 14 F-105s without any losses. U.S. forces could not consistently track low flying MiGs on radar, and were hampered by restrictive rules of engagement (ROE) which required pilots to visually acquire their targets, nullifying much of the advantage of radar guided missiles, which often proved unreliable when used in combat. The first North Vietnamese combat plane was a T-28 Trojan trainer, whose pilot defected from the Royal Lao Air Force; it was utilised from early 1964 by the Vietnam People's Air Force (VPAF) as a night fighter. Meanwhile, crew at Lima Site 85 managed to call in a nearby Air America helicopter; a crew member aboard the helicopter armed with an assault rifle fired on the last biplane and caused it to crash. Note: This is Bell UH-1H which was served in the Vietnam War previous registration was: 68-15323 and after 1975s, Vietnam Air Force remarked as 779. The VPAF claimed seven F-4s were shot down (the U.S confirmed five F-4s were lost[9]). Designed by Ed Heinemann of the Douglas Aircraft Company, prototypes were ordered on 6 July 1944 as the XBT2D-1. About 40,000 personnel and nearly 300 aircraft make up the modern fighting air service of the nation of Vietnam. Tan Son Nhut Air Base, 1961–1973 1. However it did conduct limited attacks on the opposing naval vessels, notably damaging the U.S. Navy destroyer USS Higbee in 1972. Phu Cat Air Base 1. The Royal Australian Air Force also flew combat and airlift missions in South Vietnam, as did the Republic of Vietnam. [8] The site was eventually overrun by People's Army of Vietnam commando climbers. In 1965, the VPAF had only 36 MiG-17s and a similar number of qualified pilots, which increased to 180 MiGs and 72 pilots by 1968. The VPAF Museum displays the history of the air forces of North Vietnam and the unified Vietnam. The T-28 was the first North Vietnamese aircraft to shoot down a U.S. aircraft, a C-123, on Febru… The Vietnamese Air Force used J-5s alongside the Soviet supplied MiG-17s for interception missions until the 1990s when they were retired, along with the remaining MiG-19s, being replaced with newer MiG-21s and Su-27s. The Air Force had a Vietnam War total of 137 kills. The South Vietnam Air Force (Vietnamese: Không lực Việt Nam Cộng hòa – KLVNCH), officially the Republic of Vietnam Air Force (RVNAF; French: Force aérienne vietnamienne, FAVN) (sometimes referred to as the Vietnam Air Force or VNAF) was the aerial branch of the Republic of Vietnam Military Forces, the official military of the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) … VPAF lost 54 MiGs (including 36 MiG-21s and one MiG-21US) and they claimed 90 U.S aircraft were shot down, including 74 F-4 fighter and two RF-4C (MiG-21s shot down 67 enemy aircraft, MiG-17s shot down 11 and MiG-19s shot down 12 enemy aircraft[citation needed]). Page lists all of the warplanes related to the Vietnam Conflict of 1955-1975 including fighter, bomber, transport and helicopter types. [2] In 1945, Bảo Đại gave the aircraft to the Vietnamese government. Cam Ranh Air Base, 1965–1972 1. The VPAF also conducted an air attack mission against a USAF radar and navigation installation in Laos. It is the successor of the former North Vietnamese Air Force and absorbed the Republic of Vietnam Air Force following the re-unification of Vietnam in 1975. The first aircraft in service for the Vietnamese Armed Forces were two trainers, a de Havilland Tiger Moth and a Morane-Saulnier, which were initially the private property of the emperor Bảo Đại. These South Vietnamese Air Force (VNAF) navigator wings were worn by Harry Heist when assigned as an airlift scheduling and duty officer to the 315th Air Commando Wing in South Vietnam. Nha Trang Air Base, 1966–1971 1. Under Thailand's "gentleman's agreement" with the U.S., the bases were considered Royal Thai Air Force bases and were commanded by Thai officers. On 9 March 1949, General Võ Nguyên Giáp was authorised to establish the Air Force Research Committee (Ban Nghiên cứu Không quân) under the General Staff to study ways to deal with the air war. The first airlift aircraft sent to Vietnam were C-47 Skytrains. US Navy ace Randy Cunningham believed that he shot down a Mig-17 piloted by the mythical "Nguyen Toon" or "Colonel Tomb" while flying his F-4. Most of these are no longer in service either due to the inavailability of parts or the age of the aircraft. But in encounters with lighter VPAF's MiG-21, F-4 began to suffer defeat. [20], Today the VPAF is in the midst of modernisation. The VPAF did not play a major role during the Ho Chi Minh Campaign in 1975. Led by Colonel Robin Olds on 2 January 1967, Operation Bolo lured MiG-21s into the air, thinking they were intercepting an F-105 strike group, but instead found a sky full of missile-armed F-4 Phantom IIs set for aerial combat. Series Vietnam: A Television History Title. In 1966 the United States Air Force (USAF) commissioned Cessna to build a military variant of the Skymaster to replace the O-1 Bird Dog.. As with the civilian version, the Skymaster was a low-cost twin-engine piston-powered aircraft, with one engine in the nose of the aircraft and a second engine in the rear of the fuselage. The North Vietnamese Air Defence Network was degraded by electronic countermeasures (ECM) and other suppression of Enemy Air Defences (SEAD) measures. On 12 January 1968, in one of the few offensive air attacks by the VPAF during the entire conflict, the Battle of Lima Site 85, a four aircraft formation of An-2 biplanes was reported flying towards a secret USAF TACAN and radar site in Laos guiding American bombers over North Vietnam. During the Vietnam War, the U.S. Air Force’s role in hauling millions of tons of personnel, equipment, and supplies reinforced the necessity of air transport in wartime. This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 10:55. He was there Fall of 66′-winter 67′. 918 transport regiment "Hong Ha" and no. ", "Thủ tướng kiểm tra tên lửa cho Su-30MK2", "Báo TQ đưa cảnh phi công Việt Nam lái Su-30MK2V", https://www.themoscowtimes.com/2020/01/29/vietnam-orders-350m-combat-training-jets-from-russia-vedomosti-a69074, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, "Su-30MK2 VN đã đưa tên lửa RVV-AE tối tân vào trực chiến", "Russian missiles to guard skies over Vietnam", "Hỏa thần Việt Nam khiến Mỹ khiếp sợ (kỳ 3)", "KQND Việt Nam chuẩn bị vĩnh biệt tiêm kích MiG-21", "Đông Nam Á tăng cường năng lực cảnh báo, chống ngầm", General Department of Military Intelligence, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_equipment_of_the_Vietnam_People%27s_Air_Force&oldid=993584349, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. On 18 May, VPAF aircraft made 26 sorties in eight air engagements, which cost the 4 F-4s; VPAF fighters on that day did not suffer losses. I’ve got pictures of one of the planes he was in. In 2004, it also acquired 4 modified variants of the Su-30 MK2V, newer models of the Su-27. The first unit of the VPAF was the No. An invention of the American pilots, Colonel Toon was a combination of good pilots in Vietnam, like the "solo artist" lonely night bombing in World War II was called Washing Machine Charlie. If a plane was badly damaged, but managed to land, the USAF did not count as a loss, even if it was too damaged to fly again.[18]. P. 3, Vietnam People's Air Force Museum, Ho Chi Minh City, "Vietnamese Aces - MiG-17 and MiG-21 pilots", "Vietnamese Aces – MiG-17 and MiG-21 pilots", "Vietnamese Air-to-Air Victories, Part 2", "Vietnamese Air-to-Air Victories, Part 1", "Russian missiles to guard skies over Vietnam", "Exclusive: Vietnam eyes Western warplanes, patrol aircraft to counter China", https://www.defenseworld.net/news/16331/Vietnamese_Su_30_Fighter_Jet_Crashes_Into_The_Sea, "Vietnam Orders $350M Combat Training Jets From Russia – Vedomosti", General Department of Military Intelligence, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vietnam_People%27s_Air_Force&oldid=998014188, Orders, decorations, and medals of Vietnam, Articles containing Vietnamese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Articles with disputed statements from April 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Air Division and Regimental Names of the VPAF, 2,300 missiles of which 750 were the AA-2C's, High Command of Vietnam People's Air Force. This listing allows you to trace back a particular nation's aviation history in reverse-chronological order. Possible candidates included the Eurofighter Typhoon, Dassault Rafale, General Dynamics F-16 and Saab Gripen E/F. Some notable combat aircraft that were operated by the air force consisted of the MiG-15UTI, MiG-17F, the American F-5 Tiger II, and the A-37B Dragonfly. The United States lost 578 UAVs (554 over Vietnam and 24 over China). It eventually grew into … Medium-range active-radar homing air-to-air missile. On 13 June, a MiG-21 unit intercepted a group of F-4s, the second pair of MiGs made a missile attack and was hit by two F-4s and did not suffer losses. In 1972 the fourth fighter regiment, No. These aircraft were more suited to the role than the MiGs. Most U.S. aircraft were destroyed by SA-2 surface-to-air missiles or anti-aircraft artillery (AAA), and in some cases, even small arms. Notably, we have seen no references to air-to-air operations. Casey, Michael, Clark Dougan, Samuel Lipsman, Jack Sweetman, Stephen Weiss, et al.. Hobson, Chris, "Vietnam Air Losses USAF/NAVY/MARINE, Fixed-wing aircraft losses Southeast Asia 1961–1973. In 1945, Bảo Đại gave the aircraft to the Vietnamese government. On 4 April the VPAF scored the first confirmed victories to be acknowledged by both sides. Using his Top Gun training, Cunningham finally forced the MiG out ahead of him and destroyed it. LI-2 Range (miles): 1553 - Speed: 174 - Maker: enemy LISUNOV. The 'Parked' status corresponds to planes which have not flown for 20 days but of which we have no information that they have left the operator's fleet. 921, 923 and 919 were incorporated into the 371st Air Division "Thăng Long" (Sư đoàn Không quân 371). 923 fighter regiment, aka "Yen The Squadron", led by Lt. Col. Nguyen Phuc Trach, was formed. Air Force planes of all types on air-to-air missions had an overall 3.8-1 kill ratio for the entire war. The operation was carried out by the VPAF's Quyet Thang Squadron, using captured A-37 aircraft flown by VPAF pilots and RVNAF defectors led by Nguyen Thanh Trung who had bombed the Presidential Palace in Saigon, less than one month earlier before defecting to the north. The main mission of the VPAF is the defence of Vietnamese airspace and the provision of air cover for operations of the People's Army of Vietnam. After the negotiated end of American involvement in early 1973, the No. In December 1972, the North Vietnamese air defences nearly exhausted their supply of surface-to-air missiles trying to down the high-flying B-52 raids over the North. The Air Guard and Air Force is a combat service which comprises the responsibilities of both national anti-aircraft troops and the Air Force. In fact, there wasn't any pilot in VPAF named Nguyễn Toon, he was a fictional character of the American pilots and they often made jokes with the dissertation. [2] A small-scale training was carried out in the following years. Gen. James R. and LtCol. Airlift missions needed maneuverable aircraft that could drop cargo and fly at low altitudes. The first airlift aircraft sent to Vietnam were C-47 Skytrains. See "Published Government Documents" and "Secondary Sources" below. In the spring and summer of 1972, to illumine the theatre of war 360 tactical fighters of the U.S. Air Force and 96 Navy fighters, a great number of which were F-4s of recent modifications, opposed only 71 VPAF aircraft (including 31 MiG-21). returned to the lessor / destroyed / stored). The VPAF Museum displays the history of the air forces of North Vietnam and the unified Vietnam. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). Until 1950, even though the Vietnam People's Army (VPA) had acquired credible offensive capabilities on the ground, it was almost powerless against reconnaissance or attacking operations from the French Expeditionary Air Force. The wings were awarded to Captain Heist as a gesture of appreciation by General Nguyen-Cao-Ky, VNAF Air Commodore. During the Vietnam War, the U.S. Air Force used C-123 aircraft to spray Agent Orange to clear jungles that provided enemy cover in Vietnam. Some photos for this airline [2] Consequently, 3 April became "North Vietnamese Air Force Day". Most of the aircraft were supplied by the Soviet Union, but hundreds were left over by the United States via the Republic of Vietnam, most which are no longer in service. 3 air divs (each with 3 regts), a tpt bde . [2] On 7 September, the No. Further development of aviation in North Vietnam began in 1956, when a number of trainees were sent to the USSR and China for pilot training. Versatile Aircraft. LL-28 Range (miles): 1300 - Speed: 560 - Maker: enemy LLYSHIN. Even today, three-quarters of Vietnamese weaponry has been made in post-Cold-War Russia. Among fixed-wing aircraft, more F-4 Phantoms were lost than any other type in service with any nation. For the air force of South Vietnam, see, Junior Non-Commissioned Officer and Airmen, Please expand the article to include this information. [11] Many VPAF pilots were not only skilled but unorthodox, as Cunningham found out after making elementary tactical errors. After more than 40 years, US Air Force Vietnam veterans and reservists will finally get compensation for disabilities related to exposure of the US military’s defoliate chemical Agent Orange (1). The Republic F-105 Thunderchief was an American supersonic fighter-bomber used by the United States Air Force.Capable of Mach 2, it conducted the majority of strike bombing missions during the early years of the Vietnam War; it was the only American aircraft to have been removed from combat due to high loss rates. Nose number 170 During the 1975 Spring Offensive, the bombing of Tan Son Nhut Air Base, the only airstrike conducted by the VPAF, occurred on 28 April 1975, just two days before the Fall of Saigon. The country’s 600 light anti-aircraft guns did not have radar fire control. The combined loss of Air Force, Navy, and Marine F-4 Phantom jets in Vietnam was staggering, as 533 planes were lost in combat and another 156 in non-combat accidents. ENEMY AIRCRAFT AN-2 Range (miles): 560 - Speed: 160 - Maker: enemy ANTONOV. Thai air police controlled access to the bases; U.S. air police who helped them did carry guns. Da Nang Air Base. The Americans had a multiple numerical advantage.[3]. Though the North Vietnamese forces claim over 81 US aircraft as shot down during Operation Linebacker II, (including 34 B-52s, two attributed to the VPAF),[13][dubious – discuss], U.S sources acknowledge only 27 aircraft lost by the Americans (including 15 B-52s). The status 'Stored / Scrapped' status corresponds to planes which no longer fly for the operator (e.g. [16][17] With the number of losses to MiGs confirmed by US (121 aircraft shot down and 7 damaged[16][17]), the kill ratio turns 1.6:1 against the MiGs, or 1.1:1 even accepting the VPAF's figure of only 131 in air combat. Helicopters consisted of the Ka-25 Hormone, Mil Mi-6, Mil Mi-4, and the CH-47A Chinook[30] Nose number 170 Design and development. [6] As the two continuing An-2s flew over, their crews dropped 120 mm mortar shells as bombs through the aircraft's floor and also strafed their targets with 57 mm rockets from the wing pods. However, no research has been able to identify Col. Tomb's existence; Cunningham most likely downed a flight leader of the 923rd Regiment. [20], In June 2015, it was reported that the air force was interested in acquiring European and U.S aircraft as part of its ongoing modernisation. Additionally, the air force had neither fighter interceptors nor qualified jet fighter pilots. [23], With the lifting of the US embargo on lethal weapons exports to Vietnam, the first lethal Western arms procured were Israeli-sourced medium-range SAM-system SPYDER-SR/MR. There are a total of [ 10 ] individual aircraft entriesin the Active Vietnam People's Air Force Aircraft (2021)category in the Military Factory. The growing American military involvement in Vietnam in the early 1960s led to strong interest in counter-insurgency (COIN) aircraft.In late 1962, the U.S. Air Force's Special Air Warfare Center at Eglin Air Force Base's Hurlburt Field in Florida evaluated two T-37Cs for the role.. Most of these aircraft have now been sold off or scrapped, due to loss of parts. The VPAF received its first jet fighter aircraft, the MiG-17 in February 1964, but they were initially stationed at air bases on Mainland China, while their pilots were being trained. The VPAF did not engage all US sorties. According to Dana Drenkowski and Lester W. Grau, the number of U.S aircraft lost confirmed by themself is unconfirmed since the U.S figures are also suspect. Formerly used by MiG-21bis/UM/bison. [5], Over the course of the air war, between 3 April 1965[10] and 8 January 1973, each side would ultimately claim favourable kill ratios. The VPAF stood down for additional training after this setback. Airlift missions needed maneuverable aircraft that could drop cargo and fly at low altitudes. In the words of a Vietnamese National Defense Academy official, the “air force may even be used if circumstances permit” in a counter-attack scenario—underscoring that any employment of military aircraft in any situation would be quite extraordinary. During the Vietnam War, the U.S. Air Force’s role in hauling millions of tons of personnel, equipment, and supplies reinforced the necessity of air transport in wartime. 1961-1972 1. The Air Force Museum Store is so much more than a leading specialty retailer for aviation and military themed merchandise. The first Vietnamese service aircraft flight was made by the Tiger Moth on 15 August 1949. Two aircraft flew on to the strike, while the other two split off. Typically, VPAF MiGs would not engage unless it was to their advantage. Using those figures, total kill ratio would be 1:1.3 to 1:2. From there the plane, often a stretch DC-8, would fly west to Anchorage, then to Japan, then to the Philippines or Vietnam, dropping the troops off at military bases. 919 transport air group (Lữ đoàn Không quân vận tải 919), was formed; and equipped with fixed-wing aircraft, as well as helicopters (rotor-wing) in November. Since the Vietnam War, most Vietnamese aircraft were supplied by the Soviet Union and later Russia, while hundreds of others were left by the United States via South Vietnam. [19] When Vietnam helped Cambodia in 1979 with the Pol Pot situation, former VNAF A-37s flew most of the ground support missions. [2], VPAF flew their interceptors with superb guidance from ground controllers, who positioned the MiGs in perfect ambush battle stations. It was originally designed as a single-seat, nuclear-attack aircraft… In 1965, the VPAF were supplied with supersonic MiG-21s by the USSR which were used for high speed Ground-controlled interception (GCI) controlled hit and run intercepts against American air strike groups. MI-4 935 fighter regiment "Đồng Nai" and no. At the end of the spraying campaign in 1971, the remaining C-123 planes were reassigned to reserve units in the U.S. for routine cargo and medical evacuation missions spanning the next 10 years. There were a total a 269 American and enemy aircraft shot down in air-to-air combat over Vietnam during the entire war—201 in fights between the U.S. Air Force and North Vietnamese air force and just 68 in the U.S. Navy’s air battles with the North Vietnamese. The XBT2D-1 made its first flight o… Series Description. [7] However, as the two aircraft flew back and forth attacking the facility, one aircraft was heavily damaged by ground fire from the facility and crashed. Multi-role 2 regt with 14+ Multi-role ac: The VPAF claimed the shooting down of two United States Navy (USN) F-8 Crusaders, which was not confirmed by U.S. sources, although they acknowledged having encountered MiGs. Former VNAF F-5Es, C-123s, C-130s, and UH-1s were used by the VPAF for many years after the end of the War. The T-28 was the first North Vietnamese aircraft to shoot down a US aircraft, a C-123, on 15 February 1964.[2]. The northern bases were likely built with assistance and/or use by the French, China or Soviet Union during the Vietnam War. The first aircraft in service for the Vietnamese Armed Forces were two trainers, a de Havilland Tiger Moth and a Morane-Saulnier, which were initially the private property of the emperor Bảo Đại. The MiG-21 tactics became so effective, that by late 1966, an operation was mounted to especially deal with the MiG-21 threat. George B. Allison. In 1969, No. Cunningham climbed steeply, and the MiG pilot surprised Cunningham by climbing as well. 937 fighter-bomber regiment "Hậu Giang", followed by no. It is a meaningful connection to the National Museum of the United States Air Force -- the world’s oldest and largest military aviation museum. It still operates late model Su-22s, aircraft of the Cold War era. [5], The culmination of the struggle in the air in the spring of 1972 was 10 May, when the VPAF aircraft completed 64 sorties, engaging in 15 air battles. 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