20181016. Find other words to use instead of cardiovascular, and more. The root word at the heart of "conformity," for example, is "form." Lumen – The hollow area within a tube, such as a blood vessel. Heart assist device – A mechanical device that is surgically implanted to ease the workload of the heart. A resting heart rate is normally 60 to 100 beats a minute. Saturated fat – Type of fat found in foods of animal origin and a few of vegetable origin; they are usually solid at room temperature. Valve replacement – An operation to replace a heart valve that is either blocking normal blood flow or causing blood to leak backward into the heart (regurgitation). This is especially true of medical terms, which usually are based on Greek or Latin words. Cardiovascular Common Words/Terms For Medical Transcriptionists. Abundant in meat and dairy products, saturated fat tends to increase LDL cholesterol levels, and it may raise the risk of certain types of cancer. Atrial septal defect – See septal defect. Stenosis – The narrowing or constriction of an opening, such as a blood vessel or heart valve. Aortic. Also called exercise test, stress test, nuclear stress test, or treadmill test. Gravity. Diuretic – A drug that lowers blood pressure by causing fluid loss. Blood clot – A jelly-like mass of blood tissue formed by clotting factors in the blood. It contracts to pump blood out of the heart and then relaxes as the heart refills with returning blood. When referring to heart and blood vessels, a risk factor is associated with an increased chance of developing cardiovascular disease, including stroke. Calcium channel blocker (or calcium blocker) – A medicine that lowers blood pressure by regulating calcium-related electrical activity in the heart. Arterioles – Small, muscular branches of arteries. Arteriectomy: Surgical excision of part of an artery. Ischemic stroke – A type of stroke that is caused by blockage in a blood vessel. Open heart surgery – An operation in which the chest and heart are opened surgically while the bloodstream is diverted through a heart-lung (cardiopulmonary bypass) machine. Tachycardia – Accelerated beating of the heart. Amiodarone – A kind of medicine (called an antiarrhythmic) used to treat irregular heart rhythms such as atrial fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia. Hands-only CPR involves only chest compressions. Cerebrovascular accident – Also called cerebral vascular accident, apoplexy, or stroke. aortic septal defect. Hypotension – Abnormally low blood pressure. Examples. Coronary artery anomaly (CAA) – A congenital defect in one or more of the coronary arteries of the heart. See also STEMI. Symptoms may include fever, sore or swollen joints, skin rash, involuntary muscle twitching, and development of nodules under the skin. Superior vena cava – The large vein that returns blood from the head and arms to the heart. For example, autologous stem cells are those taken from the patient’s own body. Hypoxia – Less than normal content of oxygen in the organs and tissues of the body. Thyroid – A gland located in the front of the neck, just below the voice box. Study Basic Medical Terminology for Cardiovascular and Lymphatic Root Words Flashcards Flashcards at ProProfs - Below is a basic medical terminology for cardiovascular and lymphatic root words. angiography. erg/o. Sinus (SA) node – The “natural” pacemaker of the heart. Aortic valve – The valve that regulates blood flow from the heart into the aorta. Familial hypercholesterolemia – A genetic predisposition to dangerously high cholesterol levels. Sick sinus syndrome – The failure of the sinus node to regulate the heart’s rhythm. Thrombolysis – The breaking up of a blood clot. ASD = atrial septal defect. Jugular veins – The veins that carry blood back from the head to the heart. High triglyceride levels may thicken the blood and make a person more susceptible to clot formation. Combining Forms • Combining form consists of the word root and a connecting vowel to make it easier to pronounce and attach another root word or suffix. ... heart: inflammation: Several roots may be combined along with a prefix and/or suffix to form a word. High blood levels of LDL increase a person’s risk of heart disease by promoting cholesterol attachment and accumulation in blood vessels; hence, the popular nickname “bad cholesterol.”. cardiovascular exercise. atrioventricular nodal tachycardia Abnormal levels of these enzymes signal heart attack. Fusiform aneurysm – A tube-shaped aneurysm that causes the artery to bulge outward. > Root words – Cardiovascular system. Ascending aorta – The first portion of the aorta, emerging from the heart’s left ventricle. Coronary artery disease (CAD) – A narrowing of the arteries that supply blood to the heart. Symptoms include prolonged, intensive chest pain and a decrease in blood pressure that often causes shock. Holter monitor – A portable device for recording heartbeats over a period of 24 hours or more. Also called a transcatheter intervention. Balloon catheter – A long tube-like device with a small balloon on the end that can be threaded through an artery. Transcatheter intervention – Any of the noninvasive procedures usually performed in the cardiac catheterization laboratory. Venofibrosis; Fibrous hardening of the walls of the veins. Since much of the English language is derived from Latin and Greek, there may be times when the root of a word isn’t immediately recognizable because of its origin.You’ll find that the roots listed below are from Greek or Latin and can't stand alone in English; they need something joined to them to make a whole word in English. It pumps 5 to 6 liters of blood per minute through your body and can pump as many as 30 liters per minute during times of extreme stress. Ultrasound – High-frequency sound vibrations, which cannot be heard by the human ear, used in medical diagnosis. Mitral valve regurgitation – Failure of the mitral valve to close properly, causing blood to flow back into the heart’s upper left chamber (the left atrium) instead of moving forward into the lower left chamber (the left ventricle). The sound may indicate that blood is flowing through a damaged or overworked heart valve, that there may be a hole in one of the heart’s walls, or that there is a narrowing in one of the heart’s vessels. angina pectoris. Sodium – A mineral essential to life found in nearly all plant and animal tissue. Annulus – The ring around a heart valve where the valve leaflet merges with the heart muscle. Atrioventricular block – An interruption or disturbance of the electrical signal between the heart’s upper two chambers (the atria) and lower two chambers (the ventricles). Cardioversion – A technique of applying an electrical shock to the chest to convert an abnormal heartbeat to a normal rhythm. This technique is useful in studying patients whose heart and vessels, for various reasons, are difficult to assess with standard echocardiography. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)– Any of the noninvasive procedures usually performed in the cardiac catheterization laboratory. cardiovascular (masculine and feminine plural cardiovasculars) cardiovascular; Further reading “cardiovascular” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans. Table salt (sodium chloride) is nearly half sodium. If the infection involves the heart, scars may form on heart valves, and the heart’s outer lining may be damaged. 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