A survey of 250 households was … 0000004818 00000 n A vulnerability index is a measure of the exposure of a population to some hazard. In particular, its riverine-island (char) dwellers face continuous riverbank erosion, frequent flooding, and other adverse effects of climate change that increase their vulnerability. Livelihoods, Poverty and Vulnerability in Urban Zambia Assessment of situations, coping mechanisms and constraints1 June, 2005 Work in Progress - for comments 1 This analysis is based on findings from our fieldwork, interpreted when necessary with information from secondary sources. This paper aims to assess the livelihood vulnerability of riverine communities by applying the Intergovernmental Panel on … What is the abbreviation for Livelihood Vulnerability Index? This study investigated the livelihood vulnerability of five communities of farmers who are exposed to droughts in one of the more vulnerable regions of Vietnam—Dak Nong Province. The logic provides a framework which can serve as the basis for an analysis. Livelihood interventions must be undertaken in combination with other sectors. The impact of polderization on livelihood vulnerability is not straightforward and is therefore still poorly understood. One of the main objectives of livelihood support in emergencies is, therefore, to protect the assets that are essential to people's livelihoods, and to support people's own priorities and strategies. Vulnerability Assessment Methodologies: A Review of the Literature . Understanding vulnerability: The impact of a crisis on any given population group results from the shock itself and the vulnerability of the affected people. 0000000016 00000 n A livelihoods analysis helps to understand better the actual assets of affected people, which eventually shape people’s livelihood strategies (thus explaining their behaviour). The sustainable livelihood approach combines five types of household assets: natural, social, financial, physical and human capital (Chambers and Conway 1992), to which vulnerability assessment also adds consideration of expo- Types of Rural Livelihoods 1] Agriculture Labourers. startxref Livelihood vulnerability actually focuses the exposure, sensitivity as well as adaptive capacity of an individual’s livelihood or a community’s livelihood in the face of natural disasters. 0000044168 00000 n Livelihood promotion (improving resilience of household livelihoods, diversification of livelihood strategies, improving access to markets). Keywords— Disaster, Livelihood, vulnerability, strategies and resilient livelihood I. The primary objective of this research is to identify, assess and analyse challenges posed by socio-environmental stressors in terms of livelihood vulnerability upon the … Copyright 2021 - International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies - Legal Disclaimer - Fraud Notice, COMMUNITY EPIDEMIC & PANDEMIC PREPAREDNESS, National Society Preparedness for Effective Response, Recovery and risk reduction through livelihood support in Timor-Leste, Red Cross Red Crescent Movement guidelines for cash transfer programming, How to conduct a food security assessment – A step-by-step guide for National Societies in Africa. Such activities could include securing water, food, fodder, medicine, shelter, clothing. As a result, the option of abandoning the islands either through increased migration and/or relocation has been proposed as a potential adaptation strategy. Table 1: Vulnerability factors, contributions to vulnerability, indicators and sources Factor Contribution to vulnerability Indicator Source & validation The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach, which looks at five types of household assets—natural, social, financial, physical, and human capital (Chambers and Conway, 1992), is an approach used to design development programming at the community level (United Nations General Assembly, 1997). People differ in their exposure to risk as a result of their social group, gender, ethnic or … Projections of sea-level rise generally imply that Pacific low-lying reef and atoll islands will be subject to considerable environmental changes, gradually diminishing their habitability. Chambers and Conway’s oft-cited definition states that: “A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (stores, resources, claims and access) and activities required for a means … 0000111157 00000 n 0000001491 00000 n 0000006223 00000 n 0000005586 00000 n This page shows how to develop a livelihood sensitivity matrix that can be used in several ways: - To synthesize existing knowledge on climate vulnerability in a fairly rapid participatory exercise with stakeholders - To provide a first-order vulnerability assessment based on expert judgment - To integrate results from a variety of quantitative and qualitative methods. Next, Chapter 5 provides a detailed the sustainable livelihoods approach and vulnerability reduction. 0000006362 00000 n Urban climate change, livelihood vulnerability and narratives of generational responsibility in Jinja, Uganda - Volume 88 Issue 1 - Katie McQuaid, Robert M. Vanderbeck, Gill Valentine, Chen Liu, Lily Chen, Mei Zhang, Kristina Diprose 0000008710 00000 n Vulnerability is the capacity to anticipate, cope with, resist and recover from the impact of natural disasters. For rural people, agriculture and other natural resource-based activities may play an important role, but rural households also diversify into other activities, some of which are linked to agriculture and the natural resources sector, others which are not. Social vulnerability refers to the characteristics of a person or group in terms of their capacity to Some of these factors are fast acting (such as earthquakes) and others are slower acting (such as soil erosion), but both can undermine livelihoods. The issue of achieving sustainable livelihoods (SL) is a persistent problem that has gained significant interest for all countries. Such activities could include securing water, food, fodder, medicine, shelter, clothing. Section 2 of the paper outlines key concepts and methods applied. 0000108235 00000 n An individual's livelihood involves the capacity to acquire aforementioned necessities in order to satisfy the basic needs o… ).The term reflects a concern with extending the focus of poverty studies beyond the physical … For example, the value of the sub-component dependency ratio ranged from 1 to 5. Global Environmental Change. It involves a combination of factors that determine the degree to which someone's life and livelihood are put at risk by a discrete and identifiable event in nature or in society. We surveyed 200 households in each district to collect data on socio-demographics, livelihoods, social networks, health, food and water security, natural disasters and climate variability. Char-based policy focusing on short- and long-term … What is it useful for? As one disaster-prone area, there is an urgent need to conduct studies on SL in … The findings that patriarchy is only one but not the only institution governing land access in customary tenure areas and that women have more room to negotiate land access in communal areas especially through entitlements, family obligations and exploitation of multi-layered tenure systems are some of the publication's contribution to knowledge on single women, customary … Chapter 4 explains the history of the research site as part of the local vulnerability context. livelihood outcomes. livelihood creation in Ngwatle at the household level. 0000080898 00000 n Therefore, in order to identify the variability in vulnerability of affected … Climate-related hazards exacerbate other stressors, often with negative outcomes for livelihoods, especially for people living in poverty (high confidence). Noun. Bangladesh is one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world. 0000012538 00000 n A person's livelihood (derived from life-lode, "way of life"; cf. These fluctuations are often dramatic and can profoundly affect livelihood security (Devereux et al 2011) People's livelihood strategies are designed, where possible, to reduce seasonal income fluctuations and the associated vulnerability. When demographic, livelihood, and wealth variables are included in the model, none of the strategies previously associated with high vulnerability are statistically significant; only those associated with low vulnerability (accessing grain banks and sending children to work) are marginally significant see (Table 3 4 ) Despite having included livelihood in the previ ous model, livelihood … Adem, Jemal Mohammed. livelihood centered approach or need based approach for achieving resilient livelihood. Whitney Moret ASPIRES . March 2014 . English. 0000003678 00000 n The main drivers of livelihood vulnerability are char-dweller adaptation strategies and access to food and health services. PDF | On Jan 1, 2003, Terry Cannon and others published Social Vulnerability, Sustainable Livelihoods and Disasters | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate 0 The key attribute of these factors is that they are not susceptible to control by local people themselves, at least in the short and medium term. 0000002735 00000 n The implication of this is that is considers vulnerability to be determined both by internal characteristics, as well as external hazards or pressures. LVI abbreviation stands for Livelihood Vulnerability Index. Parliamentary System . 0000009122 00000 n Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) proposed by Hahn, Riederer, and Foster (2009, Global Environmental Change, 19(1), 74–88) was applied for livelihood vulnerability analysis of different flooding zones (upper, middle and lower zones) in low flooding condition. Our livelihoods and food security work focuses on the following thematic areas: Household and livelihood vulnerability analysis; Emergency food assistance; Asset creation (creating local assets that reduce food insecurity and build livelihood opportunities) 0000043888 00000 n Integrating relief, rehabilitation and development, Review of International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies recovery operations - Summary report. Indian Women. INTRODUCTION 0000002587 00000 n Floods add to the distressed conditions of the poor and vulnerable people in Bihar. A person's livelihood (derived from life-lode, "way of life"; cf. 82 0 obj <>stream Abstract We developed the Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) to estimate climate change vulnerability in the Mabote and Moma Districts of Mozambique. 2009). 0000008382 00000 n Alternative forms. 0000012458 00000 n LIVELIHOODS Livelihoods vulnerability analysis is a method of assessing the impact of hazards on livelihood resources. At present there is DFID support for poverty reduction and for sustainable livelihoods (which to be sustainable should not be ‘vulnerable’). *:It is their profession and livelihood to get their living by practices for which they deserve to forfeit their lives. Livelihood vulnerability index was employed to analyze the levels of smallholders’ agriculture vulnerability to climate variability and change. Identifying the hazards that have the most serious impact on important livelihoods resources. A livelihood is sustainable when it enables people to cope with and recover from shocks and stresses (such as natural disasters and economic or social upheavals) and enhance their well-being and that of future generations without undermining the natural environment or resource base. 0000118287 00000 n . Vulnerability Assessment: Livelihood Sensitivity Approach Gina Ziervogel ([email protected]) 1 Introduction This approach enables vulnerability to particular stresses to be captured by focusing on ability of individuals Documents available: ... poor governance, discrimination, inequality and inadequate access to resources and livelihoods. Section 3 provides an overview of vulnerability profiling undertaken by FAO. The study further reveals that riverbank erosion, frequent flood inundation, and lack of employment and access to basic public services are the major social and natural drivers of livelihood vulnerability. 0000117780 00000 n Agriculture labourers are those people in rural areas who work as labour in fields … 0000001590 00000 n (2009). Livelihood vulnerability index analysis: An approach to study vulnerability in the context of Bihar These were combined into vulnerability indices and mapped as vulnerability profiles. The response variable, or means of coping with a risk, is understood across these frameworks through the lens of sustainable livelihoods. 0000044594 00000 n 0000002046 00000 n Strategies may include subsistence production or production for th… It is important to distinguish between shocks originating from outside the … We surveyed 200 households in each district to collect data on socio-demographics, livelihoods, social networks, health, food and water security, natural disasters and climate variability. Suggested Videos. Livelihood interventions must be undertaken in combination with other sectors. Livelihood is defined as a set of activities essential to everyday life that are conducted over one's life span. People’s lives and livelihoods are affected in different ways by a wide range of structures and processes. their vulnerability and the involvement of institutions. Single women, land and livelihood vulnerability in a communal area in Zimbabwe - ISBN 9789086861460 - Paperback (print only): $61.00 Physical, economic, social and political factors determine people’s level of vulnerability and the … Section 4 provides an analysis of the main lessons learned in the profiling work so far, while the final section discusses implications for future work on vulnerable group … 0000112604 00000 n The livelihood vulnerability index: A pragmatic approach to assessing risks from climate variability and change-A case study in Mozambique. (en noun) (obsolete) The course of someone's life; a person's lifetime, or their manner of living; conduct, behaviour. It involves a combination of factors that determine the degree to which someone's life and livelihood are put at risk by a discrete and identifiable event in nature or in society. HIV and livelihoods in Africa: what can National Societies do? Dimensions of vulnerability The major three components of livelihood vulnerability are exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity (Fig. 0000143857 00000 n https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2008.11.002. 0000006387 00000 n Vulnerability is most often associated with poverty, but it can also arise when people are isolated, insecure and defenceless in the face of risk, shock or stress. The contents are the responsibility of FHI 360 and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID or the United States … 0000009740 00000 n This report outlines a methodology to help identify hotspots where livelihoods are vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. Thus, in this chapter, we will be looking at the different types of rural livelihoods. What does LVI stand for? Toufique & Yunus: Vulnerability of Livelihoods in the Coastal Districts 99 X is the original sub-component, X min and X max are the minimum and maximum values, respectively, for each sub-component. Livelihood is defined as a set of … Follow the lead of other sports where their livelihood, just like ours … from daily meal plans and body composition analysis, to hydration requirements and targeted post-workout weights. Yet the focus of humanitarian effort continues to support victims rather than build up preparedness, resistance and resilience through reductions in vulnerability (with If you want to find out the … Loss of livelihood is also an issue. OG lib-leit) refers to their "means of securing the basic necessities (food, water, shelter and clothing) of life".Livelihood is defined as a set of activities essential to everyday life that are conducted over one's life span. <<1048AC976861EE43B9189F88E2217F02>]/Prev 275308>> Vulnerability Assessment Methodologies: A Review of the Literature . The methodology involves: conducting a literature review; identifying, collecting and collating spatial data layers; overlaying spatial layers in a variety of scenarios; dividing basins … 0000012389 00000 n View 2 peer reviews of Livelihood Vulnerability of Riverine-Island Dwellers in the Face of Natural Disasters in Bangladesh on Publons COVID-19 : add an open review or score for a COVID-19 paper now to ensure the latest research gets the extra scrutiny it needs. 0000107380 00000 n improving livelihoods and vulnerability assessments. The full list of factors and linked indicators is included as Table 1. 42 0 obj <> endobj Through such an index "diverse issues can be combined into a standardised framework...making comparisons possible". It encompasses people’s capabilities, assets, income and activities required to secure the necessities of life. Data on socioeconomic and biophysical attribute were collected and combined into the indices and vulnerability score was calculated for each agro-ecological system. Livelihood strategies that are crafted in ‘extra-ordinary’ post-disaster conditions should also be able to function once some semblance of normalcy has resumed. (One of the many problems of development is that projects and programs, while favoring some, can disadvantage others. OG lib-leit ) refers to their "means of securing the basic necessities (food, water, shelter and clothing) of life". 0000006923 00000 n The vulnerability context in 3.1.1 refers to the external environment in which people live. 0000002622 00000 n In recent years, droughts have strongly affected the Central Highlands of Vietnam and have resulted in crop damage, yield decline, and serious water shortage. 0000001116 00000 n 0000005091 00000 n 2). Article Google Scholar. 2.1 Livelihood Vulnerability Index Livelihood Vulnerability index was developed which includes social vulnerability, infrastructure development, biophysical conditions, climate, agriculture and livestock, and transportation (Fig 1). In order to analyze such impacts, we present a comparative case study of four polders in Bangladesh that are characterized by varying societal circumstances, hydrological conditions, hydrological interventions, and different levels of community response to … Vulnerability is the capacity to anticipate, cope with, resist and recover from the impact of natural disasters. Basin-wide Livelihood Vulnerability Hotspot Mapping Methodology. Livelihood vulnerability situation of all the 25 settlements is derived based on their exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity. vulnerability dynamics that can be used to identify specific risks. Find out more. AID-OAA-LA-13-00001. Livelihoods mean the type of jobs and lifestyles people lead to earn a living. People move in and out of poverty and the concept of vulner- The vulnerability context refers to unpredictable events that can undermine livelihoods and cause households to fall into poverty. Vulnerability is the capacity to anticipate, cope with, resist and recover from the impact of natural disasters.
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