Lucius Annius, at the instance of Vespasian, sacked and burned the city, with much slaughter (BJ, IV, ix, 1). Search Catholic Online for Catholic news, entertainment, information, media, saints, Bible, and prayers. Many ancient tombs are to be seen in the face of the hills. Jerash’s “Golden Age” dates from the reign of the Roman Emperor Trajan (98-117 CE) who... Later History & … On the way we stopped at the Jabbok River where I got my picture taken with Chris. It was one of the 10 great Decapolis cities of the Roman Empire. The oldest church in Jerash,... • The Church of St Theodore is to the west of the cathedral, and on a higher level. ... /.../the life and times of jesus the messiah/chapter xxix the miraculous feeding.htm, Jesus at Capernaum. The sultan of Damascus is said to have fortified it; but there is nothing to show that the Moslems occupied it for any length of time.3. Awnings often covered theaters to provide shade for the spectators. ger'-a-sa, ger'-a-senz (Gerasa; Gerasenon): 1. The fact that the word in Hebrew means "moon" has led to the following suggestions: the Banu Hilal ("sons of the new moon") in the North of Yemen; Ghubb el-Qamar ("the bay of the moon"), Jebel el-Qamar ("the mountains of the moon") in Eastern Chadramant. Gerasa was one of the cities of the Roman Decapolis and is one of the best-preserved cities of the Decapolis. But since Gerasa, now known as Jerash, is about thirty-five miles southeast of the Lake of Galilee, it is doubtful whether this is the place to which the Gospel writers refer. Even beneath its existing ruins lies a history going back to the Neolithic Period of permanent settlement. The biblical city of Gerasa is known today as Jerash. Josephus names it as marking the eastern limit of Peraea (BJ, III, iii, 3). The columns are 40 feet (12 m) high and each drum weighs 20–40 tons. Jerash (Near East Tourist Agency). See more. The city expanded in the 2nd century as far south as Hadrian’s Arch. The recent debate by scholars, however, does not concern those references, but rather one reference in Josephus (The Jewish War 4.9.1) and where this Gerasa was thought to be of strategic importance, and that its capture deemed necessary by the Romans to quell the revolt in Jerusalem. A city east of Jordan midway between the Sea of Galilee and the Dead Sea, in the Decapolis at the eastern edge of Perea; partially excavated; the modern Jerash. It was besieged by Baldwin II, in 1121 A.D. ... /.../chapter 9 that vespasian after.htm, The Miraculous Feeding of the Five Thousand ... shore. ...Gerasa itself is probably represented by the ruins of Kurseh on the South side of Wady Semak, just where it opens on the seashore. ger'-a-sa, ger'-a-senz (Gerasa; Gerasenon): 1. Description:Modern Jerash lies on both banks of Wady Jerash, about 6 miles from its confluence with Wady ez-Zerqa (the Jabbok). Similarly "Gergesa" Should Be Read for "Gerasa," In the Story of the Swine. An impressively preserved example of a Roman provincial city in the Gilead region of the Transjordan ; possibly where Jesus’ healed a demon possessed man. The niches on either side were for statues. Jerash is an archaeological excavation site at 45 kilometers north of Amman in Jordan, and considered as one of the most important cities of the East during the Roman era. Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary. They include: • The so-called Cathedral (though there is no evidence that it was the seat of the bishop). The presence of a copious spring of sweet water makes it probable that the site has been occupied from olden time; but no trace remains of any ancient city. See more ideas about petra jordan, petra, jerash. A Great Part of South Judea Cut Off under the Second Temple. A Description Op Galilee, Samaria, and Judea. Known as Gerasa in the classical age, the city had an estimated population of 60,000 inhabitants. .../g/gadara.htm - 12k, Gergesa... Easton's Bible Dictionary =Gerasa, identified with the modern Khersa, "over against Galilee," close to the lake. ... [4924] Now, Gerasa is a town of Arabia, and has near it neither sea nor lake. But in Southern Arabia worship of the moon has caused the word to bulk largely in place-names. It has with probability been identified with Reimun, on the northern slope of the Jabbok, about 5 miles west of Jerash or Gerasa, one of the cities of Decapolis .../r/ramoth-gilead.htm - 20k, Decapolis (3 Occurrences)... Hippos, Gadara, Pella (to which the Christians fled just before the destruction of Jerusalem), Philadelphia (ancient Rabbath-ammon), Gerasa, Dion, Canatha .../d/decapolis.htm - 10k, Street (54 Occurrences)... Psalm 18:42; Isaiah 10:6). From this disaster it appears soon to have recovered, and the period of its greatest prosperity lay, probably, in the 2nd and 3nd centuries of our era. The daughter of Zeus and the twin sister of Apollo, Artemis was one of the most popular Greek deities. A few good, downloadable pictures of the site. (More.) Jun 30, 2015 - This Pin was discovered by Grant Sykes. Jerash, located 48 kilometers north of Amman is considered one of the largest and most well-preserved sites of Roman architecture in the world outside Italy. The history of Jerash goes back to prehistoric times, and on the slopes east of the Triumphal Arch can be found flint implements which show that here was the site of the Neolithic settlement. This lengthy article has lots of satellite photos with helpful labels. Some would identify the place with RAMOTH-GILEAD, which see.The site is now occupied by a colony of Circassians, and there is reason to fear that, unless something is done to preserve them, many valuable remains of antiquity will perish.W. The city was rediscovered in 1806 by Seetzen, and restoration of the ruins began in 1925. History:The great and splendid city in the Decapolis is first mentioned as taken after a siege by Alexander Janneus, 85 B.C. Gerasa (Jerash) We visited the ancient Roman city of Gerasa, one of the Decapolus cities mentioned In the Bible. ... CHAPTER XXV. Above the side entrances were the royal box seats. A good introduction to the site and its history. The land of the Bible was a narrow strip between sea and desert, a "land bridge" joining Asia and Africa. To this day, its colonnaded streets, baths, theaters, plazas and arches remain in exceptional condition. ... on the eastern side of the lake, on the spot where the swine belonging to the inhabitants of Gergesa cast themselves in, and also at Gergesa, Gerasa, and in ... /.../chapter lvi apparitions on occasion.htm, A Great Part of South Judea Cut Off under the Second Temple. Therein it is called the region of the Garasenes (Mark 5:1; Luke 8:26). The Bible narrates that people came from Jerusalem and Yahuda from the countries bordering Jordan to be baptized by John the Baptist. Like so many places in Jordan, the city of Jerash (formerly Gerasa) finds mention in the Bible too. The high point of Gerasa was in the 2nd century when it had a population of 20,000–25,000. And it is so. | GotQuestions.org. The hippodrome dates to the 2nd century AD and seated 10,000–15,000 spectators. Director of Jerash Antiquities Department Mohammad Balawneh said that the number of non-Jordanian tourists was 182,000 last year. For more details, see copyright information. The south theater was begun in AD 90 and would fit 3,000 people on its 33 rows. Gerasa had three theaters. They played Amazing Grace and Yankee Doodle Dandy for us. Jerash definition, a town in N Jordan, N of Amman: Roman ruins. Jesus left Nazareth and went to Scythopolis (Baysan) and he spent the night close to Pella. They include several splendid temples, theaters, basilica, palaces and baths, with hippodrome and naumachia. A more likely site would be the present Kersa on the eastern shore of the lake. ... /.../origen/origens commentary on the gospel of john/24 the name of the.htm, That Vespasian, after He had Taken Gadara Made Preparation for the ... ... auxiliaries. ger'-a-sa, ger'-a-senz (Gerasa; Gerasenon): 1. All scripture quoted from The Holy Bible: New Revised Standard Version (Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1989) ↩ If you want to get into the detail see Bruce Manning Metzger, United Bible Societies, A Textual Commentary on the Greek... “The name “Gerasenes” is … It became the seat of a bishopric, and one of its bishops attended the Council of Chalcedon. He calls the inhabitants Syrians, when, at the beginning of the Jewish revolt, the district round Gerasa was laid waste. He also sent Lucius Annius to Gerasa, and delivered to him a body of horsemen, and a considerable number of footmen. Gerasa is an impossible reading, the evangelists teaching us ... /.../renan/the life of jesus/chapter viii jesus at capernaum.htm, Apparitions on Occasion of the Death of Jesus. AT GERASA - THE HEALING OF THE DEMONISED. Has bullet points with interesting information, but is most helpful for the photos. Between the Yarmuk River in the Jabbok River there were huge thick forests on high ridges, upon which Absalom, the son of David, had hung himself with his long hair in … The triumphal arch to the South of the city is almost entire. A city of Gilead, in fact all of Gilead was at one time called the region of Gerasa. Here we are at Hadrian’s Gate. The central gate was apparently only used for important visitors. your own Pins on Pinterest The high point of Gerasa was in the 2nd century when it had a population of 20,000–25,000. Discover (and save!) (modern Jerash). Gerasa (Livius). (BJ, I, iv, 8). The ruins are wide and imposing and are better preserved than any others on the East of Jordan. The name does not occur in the Bible, but the adjective Gerasenes occurs in Mark.5.1 and in some versions of Matt.8.28 and Luke.8.26 , Luke.8.37 . The city is the administrative center of the Jerash Governorate, and has a population of 50,745 as of 2015. The Circassians, whom the Turkish government has settled near Caesarea, Jerash (Gerasa) and Amman (Philadelphia), have introduced a crude cart which must be .../c/cart.htm - 15k, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, The Name of the Place Where John Baptized is not Bethany, as in, That Vespasian, after He had Taken Gadara Made Preparation for the, The Miraculous Feeding of the Five Thousand. Most of the ruins are from the Roman and Byzantine periods. We visited the ruins of Jerash in Jordan, a city conquered by Pompey in 63 BCE. Two main north-south highways composed that bridge. It is almost 20 miles from Amman (Philadelphia), and 22 from Fahil (Pella). Purchasers of the Photo Companion to the Bible and the Pictorial Library of Bible Lands are granted liberal usage rights for the images for personal and educational purposes. She was like “Mother Nature,” life-giving and supportive on the one hand, but cruel and destructive on another. Students may use the material on this site for school projects without permission. William of Tyre calls the city Jarras, and places it 16 miles East of Jordan (Hist, xii, 16). Tammy and me from the Temple of Jupiter. The Syrians made reprisals, and took many prisoners. Here the slopes descend swiftly almost into the sea, and animals, once started on the downward run, could not avoid plunging into the depths. This describes the district in which Christ met and healed the demoniac from the tombs, where also took place the destruction of the swine. An excellent account of the ruins is given in Thomson's LB, III, 558.There is nothing above ground of older date than the 2nd and 3rd centuries of our era; but there is no reason to doubt that the Greek city of Gerasa stood on the same site. This describes the district in which Christ met and healed the demoniac from the tombs, where also took place the destruction of the swine. Its many interesting objects such as the forum, Roman temples, nymphaeum (water streams) and… Ewing, At Gerasa - the Healing of the Demonised. Jerash, the ancient city of Gerasa, is one of the most impressive of th… Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Catholic Online has many special features to help you find the information you are looking for. Country of the Gerasenes: The town itself is not named in Scripture, and is referred to only in the expression, "country of the Gerasenes" (Mark 5:1Luke 8:26, 37; see Westcott and Hort, The New Testament in Greek, Appendix, 11). The Gerasene demoniac (Mark 5) apparently was from the larger region governed by Jerash. Jerash (Arabic: جرش‎; Ancient Greek: Γέρασα) is a city in northern Jordan. ... Western with Jordan; the land of Moab is its southern border, and its eastern limits reach to Arabia, and Silbonitis, and besides to Philadelphene and Gerasa. Travel Jerash (Travel Adventures). Jerash is a city of the Decapolis located on the eastern side of the Jordan, approximately 37 miles (60 km) SE from Galilee and 80 miles (129 km) north of Amman (the Decapolis city of Philadelphia). Definition Geography & Early History. “And it came to pass in those days that Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee” (Mark 1: 9). This arch was built circa AD 130. This condition is fulfilled only by the district immediately South of Wady Semak, North of Qal `at el-Chucn. Such inscriptions were used to identify as theater seats some stones found in Jerusalem. Most of the ruins are from the Roman and Byzantine periods. GERASA; GERASENES. The pictures on this website are copyrighted and may be used only with permission. Jerash (Jordan Distribution Agency). Little of the hippodrome is left because the stones were robbed out by the Circassians who settled in Jerash in the late 19th century. Two paved streets with double colonnades cut through the city at right angles, four massive pedestals still marking the point of intersection. Hadrian was called the “flying emperor” because he spent most of his time traveling to cities around the empire. Apparitions on Occasion of the Death of Jesus. Artemis was also the patron goddess of a temple at Ephesus, whose well-being was threatened by the presence of the Gospel (Acts 19). "It is remarkable," says Porter, "that all the important cities of Palestine and Syria Samaria, Caesarea, Gerasa, Bozrah, Damascus .../s/street.htm - 26k, Gadara... of Gadara, as the chief city in these regions, extended over the country East of the Sea, including the lands of the subordinate town, GERASA (which see). With these, however, the Gerasenes dealt mercifully, letting such as wished go free, and escorting them to the border (BJ, II, xviii, 1, 5). Today, Jerash is a relatively unimposing town in the modern-day country of Jordan but its expansive and majestic ancient ruins reveal its glorious past. ... /.../chapter 3 a description op.htm, The Calamities and Slaughters that came Upon the Jews. Learn about the city and how it rose as a Greek federation and thrived through the Muslim and Christian rule until its demise following the Crusades. Jerash, Jordan - a visual study of this significant historical and archaeological site. It was conquered by the Moslems in the time of Omar (Guy le Strange, Palestine under the Moslems, 462). Reland (Pal, II, 806) notes certain extant coins of Gerasa, from which it is clear that in the 2nd century it was a center of the worship of Artemis. A very nice collection of quality photos. Jerash pictures (Jorge Tutor Travel Photography). The seats of the theater were inscribed with Greek letters to indicate to whom the seat belonged. Mention is made of the strength of the site and the mighty masonry of its walls. The site Jerash in Transjordan (Gerasa) is often mentioned in the writings of Josephus. May 30, 2014 - Gerasa (modern Jerash), the most complete and best preserved Greco-Roman city in the Middle East, is included in the Bible's mention of "the region of the Gerasenes" (Mark 5:1; Luke 8:26). ... themselves into several parties, and laid waste the villages of the Syrians, and their neighboring cities, Philadelphia, and Sebonitis, and Gerasa, and Pella ... /.../chapter 18 the calamities and.htm, Gerasenes (3 Occurrences)...GERASA; GERASENES. The area in and around Jerash is quite fertile and has access to water year-round thanks to... Roman & Byzantine Golden Age. “Of Jerash we may say generally, it is the best preserved of all the ruined cities east of Jordan. Jerash (Ancient History Encyclopedia). (Antioch on the Chrysorhoas): Jerash. But yet we should expect to find it most rampant in places where God was dishonored, in Gerasa and in the coasts of Tyre and Sidon. It was on the eastern shore of the Sea of Galilee, and must have been a locality where the steep edges of the Bashan plateau drop close upon the brink of the lake. (Matthew 8:28-34; Mark 5:1-20; Luke 8:26-39.) The ruins are weather-worn and beaten with the storms of centuries; earthquakes have shaken down many once splendid buildings, but there were no traces of the destroying hand of man” (William Ewing, Arab and Druze at Home, 1907). Country of the Gerasenes:The town itself is not named in Scripture, and is referred to only in the expression, "country of the Gerasenes" (Mark 5:1 Luke 8:26, 37; see Westcott and Hort, The New Testament in Greek, Appendix, 11). ... Mark 5:1, and Luke 8:26, name Gadara or Gerasa instead of Gergesa. So that distinction may be made, between Idumea the Greater and the Less. Traces of ancient buildings in the vicinity show that there must have been a fairly numerous population in the district.2. ... /.../chadwick/the gospel of st mark/chapter 5 1-20 the demoniac of.htm, A Description Op Galilee, Samaria, and Judea. Everyone in our pilgrim band seems to be flourishing. We will see Hadrian’s Arch, built in 129 CE in honor of the visit of Emperor Hadrian. What is the significance of Perea in the Bible? The ruins of the town are not considerable; but there are remains of a strong wall which must have surrounded the place. The Decapolis cities are mentioned in association with the ministry of Jesus. Discover the ruins in Jerash, known to be one of the Middle East’s best-preserved Greco-Roman cities. The Temple of Artemis was built in the 2nd century AD. The distance is about 19 miles from the river. Gerasa/Jerash. Not many miles south of it was the Gerasa or Gergesa, where the great miracle of healing the demonished had been wrought. A useful description of the site’s various features. Jerash is considered one of the most important and best preserved Roman cities in the Near East. Extensive reconstruction has been undertaken by the Jordanian authorities in the last decade. Gerasa itself is probably represented by the ruins of Kurseh on the South side of Wady Semak, just where it opens on the seashore. Dec 3, 2015 - Explore Bible Archeology's board "JORDAN - Petra", followed by 571 people on Pinterest. It is located 48 kilometres (30 mi) north of the capital city Amman. Digitalized material from a tourist pamphlet published in Amman in 1973, including a brief history, a plan of the Roman city and black and white photos (low quality). At a fountain within a large ecclesiastical complex, the city's Byzantine citizens annually celebrated the miracle of Jesus' turning water into wine. This afternoon Chris, a wonderful British man who has lived in Jordan for almost 2 decades and who teaches a course in Geography of Jordan, gave us a great tour to Jerash (Gerasa in the Bible; see Mark 5:1; Luke 8:26). These guys are retired Jordainian military. GERASA; GERASENES. Behind the arch is the hippodrome, where 15,000 spectators could watch chariot races. One went through Galilee and followed the coast (we may call it the Great Trunk Road). Although no specific Bible events happen at Jerash, it is one of the ten (or more) cities of the Decapolis, a league of cities mentioned in Scripture. The Calamities and Slaughters that came Upon the Jews. This describes the district in which Christ met and healed the demoniac from the tombs, where also took place the … Jerash originated as an ancient Near Eastern village, called Garshu by its inhabitants. Gerasa (See The Holy Land). According to “Jordan Times”, the number of tourists who visited the ancient city of Jerash reached 214,000 during 2005. THAT day of wonders was not yet ended. Jerash is a Bronze Age settlement where you can find the Temple of Artemis, the Forum, the oval plaza, as well as Hadrian’s Arch. ger'-a-sa, ger'-a-senz (Gerasa; Gerasenon):1. Artemis was the virgin goddess of nature and the hunt (the Romans called her Diana). Gerasa was one of the cities of the Roman Decapolis and is one of the best-preserved cities of the Decapolis. Outside the walls to the north was a small Early Bronze Age village about 2500 B.C., and on the hilltops above are remains of dolmens of a slightly earlier period. Country of the Gerasenes: The town itself is not named in Scripture, and is referred to only in the expression, "country of the Gerasenes" ( Mark 5:1 Luke 8:26, 37; see Westcott and Hort, The New Testament in Greek, Appendix, 11). The biblical city of Gerasa is known today as Jerash. 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For `` Gerasa, and delivered to him a body of horsemen, and took prisoners... Mark 1: 9 ), 3 ) this website are copyrighted and may be made, between the! He spent most of the Bible was a narrow strip between sea desert... • the so-called Cathedral ( though there is no evidence that it one. Feet ( 12 m ) high and each drum weighs 20–40 tons جرش‎ ; ancient Greek Γέρασα. /Chapter 3 a description Op Galilee, Samaria, and 22 from Fahil ( Pella ),.
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