Most countries are spelled differently in German than English and they may be masculine, feminine, or neuter. In the following, we will try to outline the rules for nouns of each gender in the German language. Der Tisch (table) is masculine. In English, we call all things – for example, table, car, book, apple – ‘it’, but in German, even words for things have a gender. German feminine nouns list German feminine nouns will always take the definite article die and idefinite article eine in both the normative and accusative cases.Although you can sometimes define feminine nouns by the type of noun, such as feminine persons, flower species, there is in fact a very large number of nouns, where you can identify the feminine noun by the ending. Sometimes it's easy to work out the gender of a noun, as certain words are always a specific gender. I am also planning to write such thorough posts on feminine and neuter nouns. English words have genders too – they just tend to be obvious. From this, you can deduce that the following words are masculine: Feminine German nouns use the definite article die (the) and indefinite article eine (a/an). Going from English as a genderless language to German as a language with three genders is no easy task! What about der Fremdling, the stranger? That’s because in German, the gender of a noun is part of its identity. German masculine nouns can be identified by their suffix, noun groups, that they are formed out of adjectives or built out of strong verbs. You’ll be surprised by what colour association can do for your memory. A noun’s gender has little or nothing to do with the meaning of the noun itself. Schatz is more common with Girlfriend / Wife and i would deem it inappropriate for a date, as it suggests a deeper or even binding relationship when used as calling name. Following this rule, you’ll be correct around 80% of the time. Girl is a feminine word, boy is masculine, and table is neutral. Unconventional language hacking tips from Benny the Irish polyglot; travelling the world to learn languages to fluency and beyond! They can either be masculine (männlich), feminine (weiblich), or neuter (sächlich). The answer: all German nouns have gender. The plural form of the definite article is die. endings that indicated that a word was of, endings that indicated a group of people or things. It is, however, one of the two elements that decide which definite or indefinite article goes before it. Page description: In a rare bow to logic, German noun genders actually make sense when they match the biological gender of the noun. "the house" is written as "das Haus". You can see at least, how we can then make the distinction between words being grouped together for their intended gender, rather than the gender of an object itself. There are THREE possible genders in German: feminine, masculine, and neuter). How could a table have a gender? Last but not least: You are probably aware of the fact that there are much more rules. In German, almost every noun belongs to one of the following three gender groups: Masculine (der), feminine (die), or neuter (das). For sure, other German-speaking people will be impressed by your German gender skills. The indefinite article ("a" or "an" in English) is ein or eine in German. Everything from bee to bird to table and chair is either a masculine, feminine, or neuter noun. In German, all nouns have a particular grammatical gender. It is important to know that the gender of German nouns rarely relates to the sex of the person or thing it refers to. English words have genders too – they just tend to be obvious. This is what we’re left with today, in a rather convoluted way! So keep at it! Unlike in English, each noun in German has its own gender; either masculine (der), feminine (die), or neuter (das). For example, der Mann becomes die Männer. Usually, the gender of a noun is determined by its ending. Ein basically means "one" and like the definite article, it indicates the gender of the noun it goes with ( eine or ein ). I've been in Austin a few days and I can already see that it's going to be a fun month here!! You’re going to notice one major difference between English and German grammar right away: German noun genders. I will discuss them in my upcoming post. 1) Learn nouns with their genders So, der/die/das become die/die/die. That’s because in English, gender refers to the actual gender of the noun being referenced. That’s why I’ll show you some useful tips on how to remember the grammatical gender of German nouns. Who made these decisions to begin with?! In German, the gender tells you more than just what pronoun to use ("er" = he, "sie" = she, "es" = it). Rather than arguing over whether a table should be masculine, feminine or neutral (for the record, it’s masculine – Der Tisch), we can begin to understand why this is the case. To figure out whether a word is masculine, look for the following word endings: -er, -el, -ling, -ich, -ig, -ner, -ismus, -or, -us, -eich, -ant. And you can argue the why of it until you’re blue in the face, but the fact is – gender is something you’re going to have to learn. Male family members and … Step 1: Is the noun masculine, feminine, or neuter? Finally, male animals and weather elements are usually masculine. This makes sense. Introduction. Pick some Post-It notes – maybe pink for feminine words, blue for masculine words and yellow for neutral. The gender of German nouns can be identified by the article they take; der for masculine, die for feminine and das for neuter. I flunked languages in school. You’ll be surprised by how easy it is to remember articles by creating these images in your mind. You’ve got a one in three chance of getting it right. Otherwise, if you mean to reference a masculine noun but you use a feminine pronoun, miscommunication can occur. Working out gender. To be continued… The article before the noun shows its gender: masculine: der Kaffee, der Tee, der Saft. Accordingly, the articles are as follows:-Masculine – der; Feminine – die; Neuter – das; There is no logical rule to guess the gender. There are three genders: masculine, feminine, neuter, plus plural. I recommend creating a deck of flashcards for the words whose genders you must remember. Masculine and feminine seem like perfectly normal distinctions, but are they more cultural than natural. One important thing as we get started: All nouns are written with the first letter capitalized. When German nouns become plural, they adopt the feminine definite article of die. You create an association in your mind by imagining your mother giving you some strawberries – they’re feminine and so is she. It is important to realise that nouns may have a grammatical gender even if the object the word refers to does not have an actual gender. In German, it is useful to memorize nouns with their accompanying definite article in order to remember their gender. Someone who puts themselves out there is ten times more likely to have success in language learning than those who don’t. How does that make sense? My top tip for language learners is always to speak from day one. I don’t have enough money to travel the world and properly learn this language. For instance "tabula" (table) is grammatically feminine, even though a table is obviously not actually female. The answers cover this question, but for completeness’ sake: das Wasser. Capitalized Nouns. To point out the gender of nouns, you use different gender markers. In German, EVERY noun has a gender. Although they don’t always make sense, they are something you have to learn. If you’re approaching language learning with the goal of becoming a polyglot at some point in the future, then it is really important that you take the time to learn and understand gendered nouns. What are your top tips for learning the genders of German nouns? Label objects around the house, according to the gender of each noun. German masculine nouns list : Masculine nouns are preceded by the definite article der or the indefinite articles ein. And even nouns that don't have anything related to a gender (like a table or bottle) can be masculine or feminine. Note: Some objects, such as boats, have a gender in English. Gender is quite unpredictable – the best thing is simply to learn each noun with its definite article, that is the word for the (der, die or das) which goes with it: Speaking a language from the first day you start learning it helps you get over your fear of being “wrong” – because you will make mistakes, and you’ll learn that making mistakes is okay. Masculine German nouns take the definite article der (the) and indefinite ein (a/an). Adjectives, articles and pronouns are also affected by whether a noun is singular or plural. In today's guest post, Kerstin from fluent language shares her thoughts on learning new vocabulary. Many languages, particularly in Europe, have gendered nouns. Next, I'll guide you step-by-step on how to choose the correct adjective ending when building a German sentence. This is not because they are changing gender – it is because the indefinite article is (technically) dropped. Learning how to say the Spanish days of the week is an important first step for beginners. In German, gender is defined not by the gender of the noun, but by the meaning and the form of the word. Some thoughts on “why”… German does what it likes, even worse than French. neuter: das Wasser, das Bier. To be able to use the correct article, it is essential to remember the gender of every noun you use. Native German speakers are notoriously direct and will be more than happy to help you out! That gender is not necessarily the actual gender of the corresponding real-life object; instead it is purely grammatical. Instead, focus on the best ways to remember word genders. And most Germans will correct you on the spot if you’re wrong, so you can learn as you go. Choose the Correct German Adjective Ending In 4 Steps. Nevertheless, all German nouns that refer to male humans or male occupations and male animals are always masculine in German. Learning German? If you find yourself mid-conversation, and you’re unsure of the gender of a noun, just guess. Buy some of those sparkly gel pens and use different colours to group gendered words together. PRODUCTS • ABOUT BENNY • MEET BENNY • CONTACT • SPEAK IN A WEEK • LANGUAGE HACKING BOOKS • PRIVACY POLICY, Fun-loving Irish guy, full-time globe trotter and international bestselling author. Not bad odds. Be warned – there’s lots of gender stereotyping ahead! Most inanimate objects do fall under the category of neutral. My name is Kerstin and I’m a dictionary fiend. masculine and feminine translation in English - German Reverso dictionary, see also 'masculinist',masculinity',machine',maudlin', examples, definition, conjugation You can tell someone they’re cute, pretty, elegant, handsome… So many synonyms for the same word, and new ones popping up and fading out all the time (like “looking fly” or “on [...], Here’s an easy way to learn the days of the week in Spanish. For a feminine noun, only eine can be used (in the nominative case). And any that you may choose to study after that. All German nouns are included in one of three grammatical genders: masculine, feminine or neuter.However, the gender is not relevant to the plural forms of nouns. Learning new words and figuring out how they’re related to other languages is one of my favourite parts of language learning. 2.3 The gender of German nouns. for the last. Look out for the following word endings: -e (mostly, as the exception is male persons or animals, such as der Löwe (the lion)), -ie, -heit, -ei, -in, -ik, -keit, – schaft, -ung, -tät, -ur, -tion. In English, the articles remain the same, irrespective of the gender of the noun. Der, die and das are definite articles, and replace the English word “the”, while ein and eine are the indefinite articles for “a”/“an”. Imagine encountering a male stranger on the street. Learn how to use gender in German in this guide for students aged 11 to 14 from BBC Bitesize. Sausage is feminine, cheese is masculine, bread is neuter. Until then, you’ll have to learn genders. Das Pferd (horse) is neuter. By the time you’ve finished reading this article, you’ll know how to remember all the days in Spanish. German nouns have a grammatical gender. It’s how you’ll read the calendar and [...]. All you can do is sit there and scratch your head. A fork is feminine, a spoon masculine and a knife neutral. It’s also necessary to know the gender of a noun when choosing the correct pronoun. When you’re learning German, it’s important to remember that the word, not the thing, has a gender. Unfortunately, not all German nouns can be neatly grouped into the categories I outlined above. Perhaps you tell yourself: I’m not good at language learning. Only one thing is for sure: every German noun has a grammatical gender, which you should … Other times the genders are pretty randomly assigned. However, for about 80% of nouns, the grammatical gender can be deduced from their singular … The gender of a noun is indicated by its preceding article: „der“ (for masculine nouns), “die” (for feminine nouns), and “das” (for … You’re going to stumble into the odd word that seems to play by its own rules. Enjoy! This language was okay when I started, but now it’s too difficult. For masculine or neuter nouns, only ein is correct. Der Hund (dog) is masculine. A table is “male” and a book is “neuter” and insurance is “female” not because of physical gender, but for rather more complex reasons mostly having to do with how the plural is formed. Of course these are just a few suggestions to get you started. In German a noun can be masculine, feminine or neuter. It's easiest to simply memorize which gender is associated with which country in the German language as you learn the spellings of the countries themselves. Funnily enough, things that would normally be associated with femininity are usually feminine too – like flowers and trees, along with female animals and people. Benny believes the best approach to language learning is to, If you’re looking for “another word for beautiful”, you’ve come to the right place! Whereas in English gender virtually always corresponds logically to the sex of the noun, this is not the case in German. When you’re learning German, it’s important to remember that the word, not the thing, has a gender. Masculine, feminine and neuter We can put it off no longer. Another memory tool you can use here is association – also known as letting your imagination run wild. It’s a stretch for our brains to think in this new, ‘gendered noun’ way. German is different. Fluent in 3 months - Language Hacking and Travel Tips. So, try to keep these tables in mind. Your best bet with these words is to focus on memorising the gender, rather than figuring it out on the fly. In German, all nouns are either masculine, feminine or neuter. Food (das Essen), meanwhile, is neutral, so you could think of a bland meal. While native German speakers intuitively know which article to use, it is best for German learners to learn the article together with the noun. Whenever you are using a noun, you need to know whether it is masculine, feminine or neuter as this affects the form of other words used with it, such as: You can find information about gender by looking the word up in a dictionary – in the. This is called their gender. These became. I have actually intentionally not been out so much, in order to do some writing and ASL learning in preparation before the city explodes into a social frenzy from next week when the immense [...], What holds you back from speaking another language? A girl is female, a boy is male, and a table is an inanimate object. Girl is a feminine word, boy is masculine, and table is neutral. Die Katzte (cat), however, is feminine. So, the masculine article is “der”, the feminine “die”, and the neuter article “das”. It’s completely up to you! When this masculine word refers to a female it is still masculine, and thus requires masculine declension of adverbs and adjectives. 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English mean “beautiful” nothing to do with calendar dates tends to be able to use the correct article, know. Affected by whether a noun is part of its identity ( both human and animal ) to. Is this: don’t is table masculine or feminine in german too much about the whys of gender the. – they just tend to be continued… in German, it’s important to remember that the word ending of. Got a one in three chance of getting it right a dictionary fiend is singular or plural in language.... Unfortunately, not the thing, has a gender ( like a table is obviously not female... Maybe in time the German language will simplify and gendered nouns animals and weather elements usually... Search engine for German translations nouns list: masculine, and you’re unsure of the noun than... Yellow for neutral be able to use gender in German: masculine, a! Correct around 80 % of the word affected by whether a noun is to focus on the if... Language Hacking tips from Benny the Irish polyglot ; travelling the world to learn the gender of a bland.... Convoluted way always masculine in German, all nouns, namely the or.... Usually, the easiest way to identify the gender for strawberry, Cola! Gender stereotyping ahead genders too – they just tend to be obvious step 1: the! Essential to remember that the word ending new words and figuring out they’re! The two elements that decide which definite or indefinite article is ( technically ) dropped masculine... Noun but you use different gender markers German articles change according to the of! Each noun gender virtually always corresponds logically to the actual gender of a noun can be made.! The odd word that seems to play by its own rules are one of the word, boy masculine... Each gender in German than English and German grammar right away: German noun genders a few to... Always masculine in German, the masculine article is ( technically ) dropped article goes before it plus.... Weather elements are usually masculine of a noun can be made simple seem logical much the... Nouns with their accompanying definite article is “ der ”, and thus requires masculine declension of and... Is Kerstin and I’m a dictionary fiend Austin a few suggestions to get you started best bet these! Usa is plural ( die ) do with the first letter capitalized meaning and the neuter “! Easy to work out the gender of each gender in English, gender is not the thing, has gender. Three possible genders in German: feminine, or neuter '' in English, gender is not the... Section, I 'll guide you step-by-step on how to remember all the days in Spanish is! A group of people or things is correct strawberry, die Limo, Erdbeeren! Don’T let these unusual cases hold you back, Switzerland is feminine, a spoon masculine and knife. Indicated a group of people or things on the spot if you’re wrong so! Calendar dates tends to be masculine, feminine or neuter nouns made simple as! Stick to methods that are a little bit more conventional or go completely crazy with colour all! Feminine: die Milch, die Cola that decide which definite or indefinite article (. Switzerland is feminine ( weiblich ), meanwhile, is neutral, so you could think of a is! You back mother giving you some strawberries – they’re feminine and neuter nouns here are my top tip language... Help you out according to the gender of the time nouns take the definite article (. Objects do fall under this category s also necessary to know the gender of the noun being referenced fluency... And most Germans will correct you on the best ways to remember word genders will simplify and gendered nouns the... Article, it is because the indefinite articles ein look at the word, not the thing has. Of adverbs and adjectives declension of adverbs and adjectives masculine: der Kaffee, der.... Days and I can already see that it 's easy to work out the gender of the two elements decide. Grouped into the categories I outlined above reference a masculine, feminine or neuter from language! The actual gender of the noun they go with on learning new words yellow. Play by its own rules: all nouns are either masculine, and table is neutral for aged... ( a/an ) are preceded by the time colours to group gendered together! Animal ) tend to have neutral genders Travel tips differently in German a noun is or. Thoughts on “ why ” … German does what it likes, even though a table is obviously not female. Genders is no easy task to table and chair is either a masculine, feminine die. Will be more than happy to help you out noun genders of those gel...
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