Fig. The main direct causes of maternal mortality obstetric complications such as eclampsia, sepsis, obstructed labor and hemorrhage can also put neonates at increased risk of death (Kusiako, et al., 2000 Chan, et al., 2013; Vogel, et al., 2014). Even though the population is growing fast, still, too many children pass away earlier than they become 12 months years old. The Interview Editors Sanusi is the Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Nutrition Society of Nigeria. The most recent data show sorrowful figures. Luckily, the state can reduce and eventually prevent infant mortality with the help of several important steps. A former Nigeria's central bank governor, Sanusi Lamido Sanusi, became the Emir of Kano in 2014. Diarrhea is one of the major causes of infant mortality in Nigeria and all around the globe. January 21, 2021, 8:05 pm, by It’s predicted to rise to 9.7 billion in 2064 and then come down to 8.8 billion, losing about a billion by the end of this century. The reason why it happens is in the general low level of knowledge about the babies and the process of labor, poor medical help, religious or other superstitions, poor living conditions, and so on. January 21, 2021, 4:43 pm, by These causes should be eliminated in the first turn to reduce the number of baby deaths significantly. The Interview is a niche publication, targeting leaders and aspiring leaders in business, politics, entertainment, sports, arts, the professions and others within society’s upper middle class and high-end segment in Nigeria. The Interview Editors A large number of children under the age of five are malnourished. First of all, it’s necessary to educate the nation and teach people to treat the health and lives of their children more seriously. India, Nigeria, Democratic Republic of Congo, Pakistan and China collectively accounted for half of the total number of under-five deaths globally. It’s a very dangerous practice because an adult can occasionally injure or choke a baby while sleeping. The ways to reduce infant mortality are to educate the population and to provide them with health care services of good quality. Causes. Causes of Maternal Mortality in Nigeria. Global, regional, and national age–sex specific all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 240 causes of death, 1990–2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. The infant mortality rate is the number of infant deaths for every 1,000 live births. More specifically, 22.85 percent of all deaths were caused by neonatal disorders. Infant mortality rate: 67/1,000 live births; Sources: World Bank 2018, Nigeria Population Reference Bureau 2018, Nigeria. Nigeria is one of the countries with the highest maternal mortality rates in the world, with the country accounting for about 20 per cent of global maternal deaths. In the United States, mortality rates in males decreased from 1975 through 1987 and have subsequently stabilized, whereas in females rates have been decreasing since 1975. How Nigeria Can Tackle Lassa Fever, Coronavirus Spread – Atiku, Wanted: Vaccine Against Academic COVID-19, Mistakes That Led To Sanusi’s Dethronement – Kano Kingmaker, Sarki Abdallahi, My Father Wanted His Son To Be Emir Of Kano – Nasiru Bayero, New Emir Of Bichi, Nigeria COVID-19 Cases Continue To Rise With 1,964 New Infections, Kaduna SUBEB Confirms Sack Of 65 Illegally Recruited Teachers, Buhari Orders NSA To End Banditry In Zamfara, New Retirement Age For Teachers Takes Effect From January 1 – FG, Anambra Govt Shuts Private Schools For Flouting COVID-19 Protocols, FRSC Boss Insists On Compulsory Use Of Speed Limit Device, Danbatta Moves To Reposition NCC, Reshuffles Top Management, Police Arraign husband, Wife Over Alleged Possession Of Indian Hemp. Infant mortality rate (under 1), 1990. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. The Emir of Kano, Sanusi Lamido Sanusi, said on Thursday that malnutrition was a very serious issue in Nigeria, and that it’s responsible for 53 per cent of the country’s infant mortality. Others causes include septicaemia, ruptured uterus, and complications of unsafe abortions (each accounting for 5.7% of causes). In 44 countries, it caused less than 5% under-five deaths. 1300. Infant mortality is the death of a baby under 12 months old. Enough education, good food for both the mother and the child, and high-quality health care services are the key to fight infant mortality or, at least, decrease its rate. This is everything the government should do to save the nation through the lives of newborn children. Besides, most of them can be prevented. Recent research in Nigeria found an elevated mortality rate among babies of women who died after childbirth (Darmstadt, et al., 2005; Family Care International, 2014). Efforts to address the high infant mortality rates in Nigeria and in other developing countries date back to the World Summit for Children (WSC) as part of the United Nations in 1990 that brought the welfare of children to the forefront of the global agenda … It is against this background that this study is carried out to examine the effect of infant child and maternal mortality on the economy of Nigeria using Asaba and its environs, Delta State as a case study. Not all mothers in Nigeria possess enough knowledge to serve the needs of their babies and even their own ones. Neonatal mortality rate 2012. The former Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria spoke to journalists in Abuja after attending an expanded session of the National Economic Council. Design, setting and participants A cross-sectional data of three Nigeria Demographic and Health Surveys (NDHS) for the years 2003, 2008 and 2013 were used. In India, around 1.7 million children died before reaching the age of 5 years in 2010, an… 4225.7. Nowadays, Nigeria gives a lot of attention and effort to the prevention of these diseases and the reduction of the number of children who suffer from them. READ ALSO: Is garlic good for a pregnant woman? There are several major causes of infant mortality in Nigeria and other developing African countries that experience similar problems. Diarrhea is normally a symptom of a tougher disease like cholera, dysentery, and many others. 123 In most countries of Europe and in urban China, declines have been observed since the 1990s. This is especially important when we speak about babies who were born with a low body weight. These factors had the highest risk causing maternal death during pregnancy and childbirth. Lower respiratory infections; Neonatal disorders; HIV/AIDS; Malaria; Diarrheal diseases; Tuberculosis; Meningitis; lschemic heart disease; Stroke; Cirrhosis ; Source: GBD Compare 2018, Nigeria. A child cannot be healthy if the mother is not, especially during pregnancy. While some of the occurrences are predicted during routine prenatal care, most occur spontaneously without warning signs. Chart and table of the Nigeria infant mortality rate from 1950 to 2021. Finally, many parents sleep with their babies due to a number of reasons. The current time is Friday, 22-Jan-21 06:43:13 PST. View selected causes of death and population dynamics for Australia including Life Expectancy by age and history, age adjusted death rates and world rankings for the top 50 causes and total deaths by cause. The Interview Editors In Nigeria for example, the infant mortality rate currently ranges from 90 per 1000 in urban areas to as high as 100 per 1000 in rural areas. The adverse affects include stunted growth, development and loss of energy in the affected peoples. This entry focuses on the history of famine and famine mortality over time. While controlling for other variables, maternal age, mothers’ education, place of residence, religion, child’s sex, birth interval, weight at birth, skill of birth attendant, delivery by caesarean operation or not significantly influenced neonatal mortality. Infant mortality rate (under 1), 1990. It is against this background that this study is carried out to examine the effect of infant child and maternal mortality on the economy of Nigeria using Asaba and its environs, Delta State as a case study. Infant mortality rate is 88 per 1,000 live births, and neonatal mortality rate, 40 per 1,000 live births, with a concurrent increase in the number of live births. GBD 2013 Mortality and Causes of Death Collaborators † The main causes of the reported high mortality ratio in northern Nigeria are haemorrhage, eclampsia, sepsis and unsafe abortion, while the indirect causes include hepatitis, anaesthetic complications, HIV/AIDS-related deaths and acute renal failure. The underlying cause of mortality and morbidity in Nigeria is malnutrition. Annual no. ... in Nigeria through bridging the gap between the policy document and practice. It’s very important to provide all women with access to medical help any time they need it and in any areas of the country. It’s forbidden to leave stuffed toys in babies beds. Infant mortality is the death of an infant before his or her first birthday. Such babies must always sleep separately from their parents! Our Stories. Key demographic indicators for Nigeria: Under-Five Mortality Rate, Population. Health-led interventions in the early years to enhance infant and maternal . This study was undertaken to ascertain the causes of infant deaths among Nigerian children and to determine the relative contributions of neonatal and post neonatal mortality to the infant mortality. Maternal age, illiteracy, grand multiparity and non-utilisation of antenatal services were risk factors for maternal mortality. 6. Huge maternal mortality reflects injustice in access to medical and sanitary services in some countries. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. The low rate of decline is a major cause for concern. Education. Another reason for the elevated rate of infant mortality in Nigeria is malnutrition or under nutrition. Finally, the World Health Organization recommends breastfeeding for as long as a mother can to avoid the preparation of baby food with infected or contaminated water. ... (and reducing U5MR to 25 or less by 2030), so much work has to be done. A multistage, stratified, cluster random sampling method was used to gather information on 63 844 singleton live … It’s also not allowed to leave babies to sleep on soft and uneven surfaces like couches, water mattresses, or big soft pillows. Bad Request. The major scientific causes of infant mortality in Nigeria include dehydration, infection, congenital malfunction, pneumonia, measles, diarrhea, and malaria . Neonatal mortality plus post-neonatal mortality). All these diseases can be averted with the help of normal hygiene and timely medical help. 3. Almost all of these deaths happen in low-income region. January 22, 2021, 11:18 am, by The impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic are far-reaching and will be borne by children for years to come. Learn about infant mortality in the United States, including causes and differences in rates among population groups. , 2012 * 94 key reasons why it happens and they are common to African. 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