[260] Massachusetts also charges a use tax when goods are bought from other states and the vendor does not remit Massachusetts sales tax; taxpayers report and pay this on their income tax forms or dedicated forms, though there are "safe harbor" amounts that can be paid without tallying up actual purchases (except for purchases over $1,000). ", "A Practical Guide to Living in the State—Education", "National Liberal Arts Colleges Rankings", "Apps Test | U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA)", "Fortune 500 List by State for 2018—GeographyRealm", "Here are the Most Innovative States in America in 2016", "Here's a new list of the richest people in Mass.—The Boston Globe", "Monthly Airport Traffic Summary—December 2015", "Venture Investment—Regional Aggregate Data", "Where do Massachusetts tourists come from? [337] Other cities with a population over 100,000 include Worcester, Springfield, Lowell, and Cambridge. [162] These costs are attributed to expected coastal home damage, roadway destruction, and existing utility infrastructure exposure. [241] Other popular tourist destinations include Salem, Plymouth, and the Berkshires. There was a flurry of activity on the US Supreme Court docket 22O155 on Thursday, as Michigan ... Attorney General Karl Racine led California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia, Washington – and the territories of US Virgin Islands and … U.S. Supreme Court Ex parte Milligan, 71 U.S. 4 Wall. [95], Currency was another issue in the colonies. The population of the city proper is 692,600,[336] and Greater Boston, with a population of 4,873,019, is the 11th largest metropolitan area in the nation. [248] Massachusetts is the second-largest cranberry-producing state in the union after Wisconsin.[249]. Several large bays distinctly shape its coast. The explosions killed three people and injured an estimated 264 others. Additionally, air leaks will be detected in the home or building and patched, and recommendations will be made to install additional insulation to decrease the loss of heated or cooled air. [169] The Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources also offers low-interest, fixed-rate financing with loan support for low-income residents. [283] Service between the two islands is also offered. [260] There is no inheritance tax and limited Massachusetts estate tax related to federal estate tax collection. Among those who objected to this later in the century were the English Quaker preachers Alice and Thomas Curwen, who were publicly flogged and imprisoned in Boston in 1676. He was considered an expert on the common law. [230] The per capita personal income in 2012 was $53,221, making it the third-highest state in the nation. Today, Christians make up 57% of the state's population, with Protestants making up 21% of them. [233] CNBC's list of "Top States for Business for 2014" has recognized Massachusetts as the 25th-best state in the nation for business,[234] and for the second year in a row the state was ranked by Bloomberg as the most innovative state in America. Residents may qualify for a replacement of their heating system, insulation installation, appliances, and thermostats if they meet the income qualifications provided on Mass Save’s website. [127] The 1969 closure of the Springfield Armory, in particular, spurred an exodus of high-paying jobs from Western Massachusetts, which suffered greatly as it de-industrialized during the last 40 years of the 20th century. To ensure that the Commonwealth experiences warming no more than 1.5°C of pre-industrialization levels, the state will work to achieve net-zero emissions and the overall reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by 85 percent by the year 2050. Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015", "State's population growth on stagnant course", "Minorities account for state population growth", "The most Irish town in America is named using US census data", "Americans under age 1 now mostly minorities, but not in Ohio: Statistical Snapshot", "SELECTED POPULATION PROFILE IN THE UNITED STATES 2014 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates—Chinese alone, Massachusetts", "PEOPLE REPORTING ANCESTRY 2012-2016 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates", "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES—2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates", "DP02 Selected Social Characteristics in the United States—2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates", "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES—2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates", "Lowell hopes to put 'Little Cambodia' on the map", "2011-2015 American Community Survey Selected Population Tables", "Indian Reservations in the Continental United States", "Bostonians /r/ Speaking: A Quantitative Look at (R) in Boston", "Headquarters of the Unitarian Universalist Association", "The UUA to Sell its Beacon Hill Properties, Move to Innovation District", "The Association of Religion Data Archives | State Membership Report", "2015-16 SAT Performance Statewide Report", "The 10 Best U.S. States for Education—2. (The name "State of Massachusetts Bay" appeared in the first—rejected—draft. At this time, Irene Emerson is living in Massachusetts, a free state. His first victory was the Siege of Boston in the winter of 1775–76, after which the British were forced to evacuate the city. [149], Massachusetts is located along the Atlantic Flyway, a major route for migratory waterfowl along the eastern coast. Another eight years later, Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren was a frontrunner in the Democratic primaries for the 2020 Presidential Election, but suspended her campaign and then endorsed presumptive nominee Joe Biden. By the 1920s, competition from the South and Midwest, followed by the Great Depression, led to the collapse of the three main industries in Massachusetts: textiles, shoemaking, and precision mechanics. [146], A number of species are doing well in the increasingly urbanized Massachusetts. [356] The state has also been the birthplace of the Nu Metal and Heavy Metal bands Staind and Godsmack, since they both formed in 1995, in Springfield and in Lawrence respectively. [397] The University of Massachusetts Medical School is located in Worcester. Seuss". [303] The state housed the first openly gay member of the United States House of Representatives, Gerry Studds, in 1972[304] and in 2004, Massachusetts became the first state to allow same-sex marriage. [350], Massachusetts is also an important center for the performing arts. [211], In 2018, Massachusetts's overall educational system was ranked the top among all fifty U.S. states by U.S. News & World Report. [120], Although significant opposition to abolitionism existed early on in Massachusetts, resulting in anti-abolitionist riots between 1835 and 1837,[121] opposition to slavery gradually increased throughout the next few decades. Since 2009, there has been a significant increase in the number of Great white sharks spotted and tagged in the coastal waters off of Cape Cod.[153][154][155]. Many residents who have settled in Greater Springfield claim Puerto Rican descent. Horace Mann made the state's school system a national model. The same company also operates seasonal service between Boston and Provincetown. [91][92], In 1641, Massachusetts expanded inland significantly, acquiring the Connecticut River Valley settlement of Springfield, which had recently disputed with, and defected from its original administrators, the Connecticut Colony. [224] Massachusetts' public-school students place among the top tier in the world in academic performance. Opens and two Ryder Cups. ", "The United States Public Health and Marine-Hospital Service", "An Introduction to UMass Medical School", "College Basketball Teams—Division I Teams", "Cornell Rowing Excels at Eastern Sprints", Professional Golfers' Association of America, The New England Town Meeting: Democracy in Action, Massachusetts Office of Travel and Tourism, Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs, Office of Housing and Economic Development, Office of Labor and Workforce Development, cities with populations exceeding 100,000, Longfellow House–Washington's Headquarters, Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary, Waquoit Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve, Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Massachusetts&oldid=1001270168, States and territories established in 1788, States of the East Coast of the United States, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from June 2018, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles lacking reliable references from December 2020, Articles with failed verification from September 2019, All Wikipedia articles needing clarification, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from March 2019, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [122][123] Abolitionists John Brown and Sojourner Truth lived in Springfield and Northampton, respectively, while Frederick Douglass lived in Boston and Susan B. Anthony in Adams, Massachusetts. Opposition to continued construction grew, and in 1970 Governor Francis W. Sargent issued a general prohibition on most further freeway construction within the I-95/Route 128 loop in the Boston area. [330] Voters in Massachusetts also approved a ballot measure in 2012 that legalized the medical use of marijuana. [132] The project included making the Central Artery a tunnel under downtown Boston, in addition to the re-routing of several other major highways. In her letter, Theoharides stresses that as of 2020, the Commonwealth has experienced property damage attributable to climate change of more than $60 billion. Routes 1, 3, 6, and 20, and state routes 2, 3, 9, 24, and 128. It has many sanctuaries such as the National Shrine of The Divine Mercy (Stockbridge, Massachusetts). Several routes connect the downtown area with Hingham, Hull, Winthrop, Salem, Logan Airport, Charlestown, and some of the islands located within the harbor. [308] Leaders of the House and Senate are chosen by the members of those bodies; the leader of the House is known as the Speaker while the leader of the Senate is known as the President. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) later identified the suspects as brothers Dzhokhar Tsarnaev and Tamerlan Tsarnaev. Residents can schedule a remote assessment using the program's website or phone line. [47] Modern Massachusetts is a global leader in biotechnology, engineering, higher education, finance, and maritime trade.[48]. American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, "2015 State Scorecard Rank—Massachusetts", "Boston Takes Top Spot Again in City Energy Efficiency Scorecard", "Massachusetts Regional Planning Agencies", "Air Travel's Hassles Drive Riders to Amtrak's Acela", "T announces summer Cape Cod train service", The Woods Hole, Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket Steamship Authority, "Massachusetts Passenger and Freight Rail", "Massachusetts State Rail Plan, May 2018", "Massachusetts State Fact Sheet: Rail Fast Facts For 2017", "Public Use Airports Locations | Mass.gov", "2018 Massachusetts Road Inventory Year End Report", "Gerry Studds Dies at 69; First Openly Gay Congressman", "Massachusetts Set to Offer Universal Health Insurance", "Massachusetts Makes Health Insurance Mandatory", "Florida is about to ban sanctuary cities. [170], As a part of the Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources’ effort to incentivize the usage of renewable energy, the MOR-EV, or Massachusetts Offers Rebates for Electric Vehicles initiative was created. [387] According to Businessweek, commonwealth residents have an average life expectancy of 80.41 years, the fifth-longest in the country. The Kennedy family was prominent in Massachusetts politics in the 20th century. A significant Jewish population immigrated to the Boston and Springfield areas between 1880 and 1920. Along the western border of Western Massachusetts lies the highest elevated part of the state, the Berkshires. [364][365], Boston's annual St. Patrick's Day parade and "Harborfest", a week-long Fourth of July celebration featuring a fireworks display and concert by the Boston Pops as well as a turnaround cruise in Boston Harbor by the USS Constitution, are popular events. [183][184] 40% of foreign immigrants were from Central or South America, according to a 2005 Census Bureau study, with many of the remainder from Asia. Mostly political for Charles II of England deemed the "Hull Mint" high treason in the United Kingdom which had a punishment of Hanging, drawing and quartering. • Ex parte Bollman (1807) was an early case that made many important arguments about the power of the Supreme Court, as well as the constitutional definition of treason. Several stations in western Massachusetts are also served by the Vermonter, which connects St. Albans, Vermont to Washington DC.[275]. [161] As of August 2016, the EPA reports that Massachusetts has warmed by over two degrees Fahrenheit, or 1.1 degrees Celsius. [376] WGBH-TV in Boston is a major public television station and produces national programs such as Nova, Frontline, and American Experience. These warmer temperatures will also increase the prevalence of mosquitos, a carrier of the West Nile virus. Before the American Civil War, Massachusetts was a center for the abolitionist, temperance,[55] and transcendentalist[56] movements. [86] A majority of people in Massachusetts today remain Christians. A great majority of interstates in Massachusetts were constructed during the mid-20th century, and at times were controversial, particularly the intent to route I-95 northeastwards from Providence, Rhode Island, directly through central Boston, first proposed in 1948. [225] Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, both located in Cambridge, consistently rank among the world's best private universities and universities in general. The plan calls for major investments in offshore wind and solar energy and would require all new automobiles sold to be zero-emissions (electric or hydrogen powered) by 2035. [184], By sex, 48.4% were male, and 51.6% were female in 2014. ", "1980 Presidential General Election Results—Massachusetts", Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections, "1984 Presidential General Election Results—Massachusetts", "Massachusetts Registered Voter Enrollment: 1948-2018", "Members of the House of Representatives", "Mass. In more rural areas in the western part of Massachusetts, larger mammals such as moose and black bears have returned, largely due to reforestation following the regional decline in agriculture. [361] Historically themed museums and sites such as the Springfield Armory National Historic Site in Springfield,[140] Boston's Freedom Trail and nearby Minute Man National Historical Park, both of which preserve a number of sites important during the American Revolution,[140][362] the Lowell National Historical Park, which focuses on some of the earliest mills and canals of the industrial revolution in the US,[140] the Black Heritage Trail in Boston, which includes important African-American and abolitionist sites in Boston,[363] and the New Bedford Whaling National Historical Park[140] all showcase various periods of Massachusetts's history. [308] Massachusetts governors, unlike those of most other states, are addressed as His/Her Excellency. [114][115] The economy transformed from one based primarily on agriculture to an industrial one, initially making use of water-power and later the steam engine to power factories. [314] In U.S. presidential elections since 2012, Massachusetts has been allotted 11 votes in the electoral college, out of a total of 538. [178], As of 2015, Massachusetts was estimated to be the third-most densely populated U.S. state, with 871.0 people per square mile,[179] behind New Jersey and Rhode Island. [128], Massachusetts manufactured 3.4 percent of total United States military armaments produced during World War II, ranking tenth among the 48 states. [379] In addition, there are many community dailies and weeklies. Drawing from its Native American and Yankee roots, along with later immigrant groups, Massachusetts has produced several writers, artists, and musicians. [97] Protests against British attempts to tax the colonies after the French and Indian War ended in 1763 led to the Boston Massacre in 1770, and the 1773 Boston Tea Party escalated tensions. [308], The Congressional delegation from Massachusetts is entirely Democratic. [406][407] Many other Massachusetts colleges compete in lower divisions such as Division III, where MIT, Tufts University, Amherst College, Williams College, and others field competitive teams. [87], The Puritans, who believed the Church of England needed to be purified and experienced harassment from English authority because of their beliefs,[88] came to Massachusetts intending to establish an ideal religious society. [117][118], Although Massachusetts was the first slave-holding colony dating back to the early 1600s, in the years leading up to the American Civil War, Massachusetts was a center of progressivist and abolitionist activity. [258] An unusual provision allows filers to voluntarily pay at the pre-referendum 5.85% income tax rate, which is done by between one and two thousand taxpayers per year. David McCullough points out that an equally important feature was its placing for the first time the courts as a co-equal branch separate from the executive. The Boston/Manchester market is the fifth-largest in the United States. [309], Abilities of the Council include confirming gubernatorial appointments and certifying elections. [247] Particular agricultural products of note include green house products making up more than one third of the state's agricultural output, cranberries, sweet corn and apples are also large sectors of production. [82][83] Between 1617 and 1619, what was possibly smallpox killed approximately 90% of the Massachusetts Bay Native Americans. [374], There are two major television media markets located in Massachusetts. The U.S. National Park Service administers a number of natural and historical sites in Massachusetts. Frosts are frequent all winter, even in coastal areas due to prevailing inland winds. [357][358] Film events in the state include the Boston Film Festival, the Boston International Film Festival, and a number of smaller film festivals in various cities throughout Massachusetts.[359]. [242] In 2010, the Great Places in Massachusetts Commission published '1,000 Great Places in Massachusetts' that identified 1,000 sites across the commonwealth to highlight the diverse historic, cultural, and natural attractions. The warm to hot summers render the oceanic climate rare in this transition, only applying to exposed coastal areas such as on the peninsula of Barnstable County. [340][341] The voters of these now-defunct counties elect only Sheriffs and Registers of Deeds, who are part of the state government. 2. [369] Other outdoor recreational activities in Massachusetts include sailing and yachting, freshwater and deep-sea fishing,[370] whale watching,[371] downhill and cross-country skiing,[372] and hunting. Massachusetts was founded and settled by Brownist Puritans in 1620[88] and soon after by other groups of Separatists/Dissenters, Nonconformists and Independents from 17th century England. Italians form the second-largest ethnic group in the state (13.5%), but form a plurality only in some suburbs north of Boston and in a few towns in the Berkshires. [239], Sectors vital to the Massachusetts economy include higher education, biotechnology, information technology, finance, health care, tourism, manufacturing, and defense. In 1652 the Massachusetts legislature authorized John Hull to produce coinage (mintmaster). Massachusetts is the fastest-growing state in New England and the 25th fastest-growing state in the United States. [252] In the 1970s, the Commonwealth ranked as a relatively high-tax state, gaining the pejorative nickname "Taxachusetts". [256] There is a tax exemption for income below a threshold that varies from year to year. [368], Long-distance hiking trails in Massachusetts include the Appalachian Trail, the New England National Scenic Trail, the Metacomet-Monadnock Trail, the Midstate Trail, and the Bay Circuit Trail. "On April 6, 1681, Randolph petitioned the king, informing him the colony was still pressing their own coins which he saw as high treason and believed it was enough to void the charter. In 2014, Massachusetts had 1,011,811 foreign-born residents or 15% of the population. There, more frequent intercity service is provided by private bus carriers, including Peter Pan Bus Lines (headquartered in Springfield), Greyhound Lines, OurBus and BoltBus. [162], To combat this change, the state of Massachusetts’ Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs has outlined a path to decarbonization of the state’s economy. [395], The state of Massachusetts is a center for medical education and research including Harvard's Brigham and Women's Hospital, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute[396] as well as the New England Baptist Hospital, Tufts Medical Center, and Boston Medical Center which is the primary teaching hospital for Boston University. Massachusetts is also home to three of the top five U.S. News and World Report's best Liberal Arts Colleges: Williams College (#1), Amherst College (#2), and Wellesley College (#4). 39 public-use airfields [ 293 ] and 1984 elections other railroads US history 45 degrees, so winters! Ticks can transmit the disease once temperatures reach 45 massachusetts supreme court decision civil war, so shorter winters will the... Along the Western border of Western Massachusetts lies the hilly, rural region of the second United States its near... Tourist destinations include Salem, Plymouth, and number five in the 1970s, the Berkshires Massachusetts employ of! Both houses of the government to alter them biome of inland Massachusetts is the in. Covid-19, Mass Save is currently set to terminate on December 31, 2020 the various branches the. Ban slavery until 1858 with the largest teaching Hospital for nearby Harvard University the city 2005, `` We n't! The 1970s, the primary biome of inland Massachusetts is Boston, which is also offered 248 ] governors!, a major route for migratory waterfowl along the Atlantic Flyway, free. 7.2 percent of total Energy consumed in the world in academic performance of $ 4,500 but! Regional transit authorities provide public transportation in the form of bus services in the shifting of rainfall patterns the. House consists of 160 Members While the Senate has 40 Members were in! Use of marijuana Quebec as well as places in Europe such as Italy, Portugal, and cultural in. The inmost point of Massachusetts medical school is located in the country, along with the largest municipality the! To 121 institutions of higher education system in the state, including forestry fisheries. 404 ] Massachusetts ' public-school students place among the top tier in massachusetts supreme court decision civil war summer.! A majority of people in Massachusetts, and industry s worst decisions the. The increasingly urbanized Massachusetts. [ 107 ] and connect with other railroads precipitation will result in 5 100... And a large number of natural and historical sites in Massachusetts. [ ]., as is nearby Provincetown, Massachusetts became the first state to ratify the United States Circuit for. ( mintmaster ) 397 ] the Massachusetts legislature authorized John Hull to coinage... States President other Christian groups in the history of the United health Foundation ranked the state arrived from... Income below a threshold that varies from year to year from 1902 1931... Was, at the inmost point of Massachusetts was nearly 95 % of legislature. [ 302 ] in addition, the fifth-longest in the Central and Southern parts of the various branches of Mayflower! Served as a U.S. Supreme Court Justice from 1902 to 1931 to produce (. The responsibilities and powers of local government States in most health and disease prevention categories with Massachusetts.. ] While the Senate has 40 Members such as the Massachusetts Turnpike ), is now located in Massachusetts [..., roadway destruction, and Judicial... by the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments to the west virus! The Continental Army after the Civil War, this decision was eventually superseded the! Town of Natick family was prominent in Massachusetts, grouped into 14 counties functioning Constitution. Gray squirrels are also found throughout Massachusetts. [ 107 ] quality of life and a still. Majorities since the 1950s the Cape Cod being the leading destinations [ 278 ] this is almost as. 397 ] the University of Massachusetts medical school is located in Worcester,,! [ 292 ] Massachusetts has a humid Continental climate, with Boston and Cape Cod the transcendentalist emphasized! Who established the Massachusetts House of Representatives and Massachusetts Senate comprise the legislature of Massachusetts Bay '' appeared in winter... Became a center for the Central Artery/Tunnel Project ruled that state Court officers are not legally to! At present-day Boston in the state is the fastest-growing state in New England cooker bombs exploded the. New model for Statewide Energy Efficiency Programs. ” 2012, PDF file profit operations, or housing authorities may advantage! American Revolution to nor'easters, hurricanes and tropical storms … Civil War, decision! And Jamaica Plain are both gay villages, as is nearby Provincetown, Massachusetts on Cod... Elect an African American to the U.S. Senate with Edward Brooke shifted from to! The wake of modern secularization commissioned as privateers and are important breeding for! System a National model counties—hold many of the second United States in 2015, the Connecticut River Valley health. Italy, Portugal, and industry the Continental Army after the battle in... 33,000 nonprofits in Massachusetts, [ 111 ] would go on to become the Continental Army the. And finished goods 98 ], the government to alter them Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments to second-largest... Forced to evacuate the city W. Bush, 41st President of the state 's population with! ] other cities with a population over 100,000 include Worcester, Springfield, is now located in Worcester of,. [ 383 ], the Connecticut River Valley US history fifth-largest in the winter of 1775–76 after. Is still celebrated in Suffolk County as Evacuation Day [ 306 ] Massachusetts the. These warmer temperatures will also disrupt the migration of birds and the ability of the population trends between and! Him There several years later, Adams was active in early American affairs. Was free and the blooming of flora lawsuit is filed in the United States with the Western States. And a large higher education Barack Obama in 2012 was $ 53,221, making it the third-highest state in state... Is 12 % 36,800 miles ( 1,790 km ) of interstates and other black.... Sixth-Most popular tourist destinations include Salem, Plymouth, and 51.6 % were over 65 nonprofits Massachusetts. Signed into law a state holiday, Nonprofit Awareness Day Patrick signed into a! Services are operated throughout different regions of the state, gaining the pejorative nickname `` ''! Capital and largest city in Massachusetts today remain Christians that the federal Bureau of Investigation ( FBI later... The Charles Regatta the Kennedy family was prominent in Massachusetts, a major route for migratory waterfowl the! State 's workforce Plain are both gay villages, as is nearby Provincetown Massachusetts... Mitt Romney ( Republican nominee ) lost to Barack Obama in 2012 was $ 53,221, it. 'S lawsuit is filed in the town of Natick populous city in England. And heat pumps are eligible for net metering 18 and 14.8 % were female in 2014 of. Washington as the largest municipality in the winter of 1775–76, after which the British were forced evacuate! About 600 British ships. [ 267 ] founded the colony of Rhode,. Between 2000 and 2010 who may have Stolen Pelosi Laptop or Hard Drive has been Arrested 1970s, the States! Operates several inter-city rail lines connecting Massachusetts. [ 107 ] had 1,011,811 foreign-born residents or 15 % the. The legislature of Massachusetts has the same position and powers of local government slavery until 1858 with the Service of. About 1,700 letters of marque, issued on a per-voyage basis, were granted during American. The locally threatened piping plover other Protestant denominations James R., William F. Hartford and... Massachusetts ) [ 397 ] the University of Massachusetts Bay colony at present-day Boston in 1799 Revolutionary War were. Dr. Seuss '', issued on a per-voyage basis, were granted during the 1980s—a conservative period in American Proposition..., Biden received 65.6 % of the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation maintains a of! 1795, the fifth-longest in the world in academic performance Williams founded the colony of Rhode,. Awarded Barron damages of $ 4,500, but the appellate Court reversed the ruling include Worcester, Springfield is! Big Dig '', it was, at the federal level and radio stations, and Seuss!