William Barents, a Dutch explorer, made three voyages in search of a passage and eventually discovered Spitsbergen. Arctic and Antarctic glaciers, icebergs, and other ice trivia Glaciers and icebergs represent two of the most important facets of Earth's ecosystem. So I guess that would be a main difference; they are both pretty chilly at times, long days and nights. Land vs. water. Tundra is land that only defrosts a tiny bit on the top during the summer, but below that stays frozen all the time. In-between experiments, researchers can enjoy the superb Southern Lights or dig for ice to turn into shower water. … On any given day, the unpredictable waters could turn into the ‘Drake Lake’, where the serene waters seem almost glassy, or the ‘Drake Shake’, where the crossing is so turbulent most ships chain down their furniture for safety! Experience a day in the life of Antarctic scientists as they research this mysterious continent through our virtual reality experience. The Arctic is covered in snow and ice during the winter periods, with temperatures in winter plunging to -20°C in some places. December and January are the months with the most sunlight (up to 20 hours a day), and daily temperatures are at their warmest. Antarctica is a land mass even though much of it is buried under snow and ice. Explorers in Antarctica. The difference between the Arctic and the Antarctic is simply that in the Arctic, the North Pole is located in the middle of the ocean, whereas in the Antarctic, the South Pole is located on a continent completely covered by millions of cubic metres of ice. Compared to the Arctic, Antarctic sea ice shows less variability in summer, and more variability in winter. To celebrate our Virtual Reality (VR) experience of Antarctica and our free exhibition Elysium Arctic, we’ve investigated exactly what makes the Arctic and Antarctica so different, and so special. Arctic vs Antarctic Travel Seasons. Large populations of Fur, Sea, Leopard and Crabeater seals dot the Antarctic coast, with elusive Weddell seals found in more remote regions. The Arctic is an ocean, covered by a thin layer of perennial sea ice and surrounded by land. Charles Millen/Australian Antarctic Division. Antarctica, on the other hand, does not have a permanent human population – imagine spending all year round in those challenging temperatures! Difference between Antarctic and Arctic. Birds. ("Perennial" refers to the oldest and thickest sea ice.) Let the explorer lurking inside of you out of the box! If you dig less than a metre down into the tundra, you’ll find the soil is frozen solid. This website uses cookies to improve user experience. Early exploration of the Arctic started in the 1590s when European monarchs began their search for an alternate trading route to China. Join our exclusive newsletter for the best cruise offers and news! But they are polar opposites – literally – and in many other ways you might not expect. Mid-December is the time when penguins begin hatching their chicks. You can also take a walk along the museum’s foreshore where you’ll find Elysium Arctic, a stunning visual journey into the wonders of the Arctic. Antarctica is the earth’s southernmost and fifth-largest continent, dividing the southern waters of the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. The Arctic is not as cold as the Antarctic for two main reasons, firstly the effect of the sea that doesn't fall below -2°C which means that the whole of the arctic polar region and coastal regions are kept relatively warm even though the sea is covered by ice. Because of conditions like these, there are only two flowering plants that can grow on the Antarctic Peninsula – the spiky Antarctic hair grass (Deschampsia antarctica) and Antarctic pearlwort (Colobanthus quitensis). Eskimo Bukta at Scoresby Sund in Greenland by David Doubilet. The Arctic is an ocean surrounded by … Of course, in the winter, nighttime lasts for six months. Antarctica is a continent surrounded by ocean, while the Arctic is an ocean surrounded by continents. The primary difference between the Arctic and the Antarctic is a geological one. When most people think about the Arctic and Antarctica, they think of icebergs and snow. The areas around the north and the south poles are called the Arctic and the Antarctic regions, respectively. In the Arctic, sea ice floes are prone to bump into each other, forming thicker ice and ridges - some up to 12 to 15 feet thick. Antarctica isn't home to any large land mammals whatsoever. Grimsey Island, a tiny outpost in the Arctic Ocean, has a population of just 61 people. My understanding of the difference between Arctic and Antarctic was piecemealed over the years by my own developing brain, which often made incorrect assumptions based on poor information and child logic. From their fascinating wildlife to the stunningly rugged landscapes, each pole is packed to the brim with spectacular experiences. The difference between Antarctic and Antarctica stem from the fact that Antarctica is a continent within Antarctic region. Both these regions are cold and are covered with ice. Differences between the Arctic and Antarctica can be expressed by the following theses: The Arctic is an area of the world's oceans, and Antarctica is a continent. The first difference between the Arctic and Antarctica is they’re located on opposite sides of the world. The main difference between Arctic and Antarctic is that the Arctic is a polar region on the Earth's northern hemisphere and Antarctic is a region around the Earth's South Pole. Not sure which polar destination is right for you? Depending on the weather, sunlight, or at least a lighted sky is prevalent 18-24 hours per day. 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