The illegal logging, those that are burning the forest — talk about the day they set fire to the Amazon. The Amazon is the world's largest rainforest and its protection is crucial to stopping catastrophic climate change because of the vast amount of … This is viewer supported news. The highly competitive agribusiness is a key sector in this approach. And then the politics of Bolsonaro saying, “No, you couldn’t even deal with your own Notre-Dame Cathedral on fire,” and then insulting the French president and his wife? They had a very large protest just a few days ago. Bolsonaro has staked his presidency on the ... states who have declared “Americans would not retreat from the global pact to reduce emissions and stem the causes of climate change”. Well, mainly, what they produce is beef, sugarcane, soy and timber. It’s not as if this doesn’t happen at other times, to say the least, at a much smaller degree. Latest climate change news. The new European data protection law requires us to inform you of the following before you use our website: We use cookies and other technologies to customize your experience, perform analytics and deliver personalized advertising on our sites, apps and newsletters and across the Internet based on your interests. [195] It May Soon Get Even Worse. By clicking “I agree” below, you consent to the use by us and our third-party partners of cookies and data gathered from your use of our platforms. For a start, Bolsonaro has previously said that, if elected, he would withdraw Brazil from the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change, arguing that global warming is nothing more than “ … AMY GOODMAN: Well, Maria Luísa Mendonça, I want to thank you very much for being with us, director of the Network for Social Justice and Human Rights in Brazil, visiting scholar at City University of New York Graduate Center. As the warm relationship between U.S. President Donald Trump and Brazil President Jair Bolsonaro comes to and end with the former’s electoral defeat in Tuesday, January 19, 2021 What we have seen now is that apparently there was a coordinated effort from illegal loggers and land grabbers in the Amazon. This is all in danger. Well, for more, we’re joined by Maria Luísa Mendonça, director of the Network for Social Justice and Human Rights in Brazil, visiting scholar at the City University of New York Graduate Center. They produced Donald Trump and Jair Bolsonaro and gravely weakened the EU. Deforestation in Brazil's Amazon skyrockets to 12-year high under Jair Bolsonaro's push to increase farming and mining to combat poverty. National development in technology, infrastructure, and trade is the priority goal. Pressure from Biden to curb deforestation in the Amazon and concern for climate change would be a major departure from Trump's approach and could cause frictions with Bolsonaro… By Drew Kann, CNN Video by Lacey Russell and Alex King, CNN. It has been such a leader on climate change that it volunteered to host next year’s annual climate summit – a summit that is now in doubt. Our Daily Digest brings Democracy Now! You know, we get to do with it what we want”? A story about climate change needs an ambassador for the cause. We need to protect the biodiversity. All those factors make a sane policy on climate change less likely. Updated 1433 GMT (2233 HKT) September 4, … Climate change How right-wing nationalism fuels climate denial. New drone footage shows the widespread smoke and fires gathering strength. The minorities should either adapt or simply vanish”, when giving a speech about environmental policies in the Amazon. Agribusiness, they promote destruction. Jair’s repertoire: Racism, misogyny, climate change Democracy Now! The newly elected President of Brazil, Jair Bolsonaro, has sent mixed messages about climate change. You know, the jobs in plantations are horrible jobs. International Climate Change Politics Then candidate Biden caught the attention of Bolsonaro during a U.S. Presidential debate when he mentioned creating an international fund of $20 billion to help Brazil preserve the Amazon rainforest. Please enable cookies on your web browser in order to continue. Stay with us. Indigenous leader Sônia Guajajara said in a statement, quote, “We’re putting our bodies and our lives on the line to try to save our territories. Until May, he was the head of the Brazil Forum for Climate Change, an institution created to formulate the country’s Paris Agreement commitment plan. So, basically, you know, he gave a green light for the illegal destruction that we see now. President Jair Bolsonaro of Brazil has often criticized agencies that enforce environmental laws, and called fines for environmental crimes an “industry” that needs to be abolished. This is not about development. Bolsonaro, an ally of President Donald Trump, tweeted on Wednesday saying Biden "stated yesterday that he could pay us as much as US$20 billion to … is a 501(c)3 non-profit news organization. Please do your part today. So we’re not talking about development of the Brazilian economy. MARIA LUÍSA MENDONÇA: Yes. Copy may not be in its final form. This content is currently not available in your region. Environmental groups seek to circumvent reluctant leaders from the U.S. to Brazil and Australia. As the world reacts to the Amazon’s destruction, indigenous Brazilians are on the frontlines of the fight to save their land. He wasted no time on his agenda, announcing, “Where there is Indigenous land, there is wealth underneath it.” Bolsonaro attacked the legal protection granted to Brazil’s 305 ethnic groups, the last stewards of the Amazon forest. In August, Australia’s failure to pass climate legislation triggered the ousting of Malcolm Turnbull as prime minister. He repeatedly threatened to withdraw from the Paris Agreement during his campaign. From Trump to Bolsonaro, Climate Skeptics Stir Green Activism. media caption Why the Amazon rainforest helps fight climate change President Jair Bolsonaro has insisted that the Brazilian areas of the Amazon rainforest are sovereign territory. We have several cases of slave labor in those plantations. Mr. Macron has emerged as one of the world leaders most critical of Mr. Bolsonaro, a far-right populist and climate change skeptic, who has been accused of encouraging deforestation. The current environmental minister in Brazil used to do lobbying for mining companies and has said that Brazil should allow mining exploitation in indigenous land. Countries such as Germany, France and Norway are beginning to take action. Pacheco even has the backing of the leftist Workers Party (PT) that see him opposing Bolsonaro’s more controversial views such as easing gun ownership rules and denying climate change. Bolsonaro’s denial of anthropogenic climate change and his campaign promises to abandon the Paris Agreement have important implications for deforestation, dams and other developments in Amazonia. I mean, the maps are incredible right now of the rainforest, because you see the indigenous areas — they are green, indigenous people protecting their areas — and then the areas outside of that on fire. But in recent days, his government has ruled out hosting next year's major climate conference. Alston says that “populism is driven in part by fear and resentment”. So, I think that — and also, giving aid to the Bolsonaro administration, I don’t think that is going to help very much. And so, now the police is investigating actually some WhatsApp groups that were coordinating those activities, those illegal activities. AMY GOODMAN: And the agribusiness is specifically? A vast plume of smoke has spread across South America and the Atlantic Ocean and is visible from space. In Brazil, fires continue to rage in the Amazon, and new drone footage shows the smoke and flames gathering strength. Mr. Macron has emerged as one of the world leaders most critical of Mr. Bolsonaro, a far-right populist and climate change skeptic, who has been accused of encouraging deforestation. And they are very close to industries that are the main cause of climate change: the oil industry, agribusiness, mining. Bolsonaro forced to bring forward Brazil’s national vaccination campaign Doubts over the country’s capacity to produce enough doses to bring the pandemic under control in the medium term This is Joênia Wapichana, the first indigenous woman elected to the Brazilian Congress. We do not accept funding from advertising, underwriting or government agencies. Bolsonaro has not withdrawn from the Paris Accords yet. So, you know, climate change and protecting indigenous communities are key factors to deal with the crisis that we have now. Climate change has been called a "Marxist conspiracy" by Brazilian Foreign Minister Ernesto Araújo. The effort to … And so, I think that the international community needs to call for a boycott of the main commodities produced by agribusiness: beef, soy, sugarcane and timber. to your inbox each morning. Sign up for our Daily News Digest today! By clicking “I agree” below, you consent to the use by us and our third-party partners of cookies and data gathered from your use of our platforms. It’s great to have you with us, Maria. I think this is the only message that is going to have an effect in terms of pressuring the Bolsonaro administration, because he doesn’t believe in climate change, and he is implementing policies that are giving a green light for deforestation. MARIA LUÍSA MENDONÇA: Yes, I think Trump and Bolsonaro, both of them, they don’t believe in climate change. We are under a series of systematic, violent attacks. Bolsonaro's stance and the Amazon fires have made climate change a leading topic in Brazilian news and public discourse, said Adriana Ramos of the non-profit Instituto Socioambiental. I think we need to support indigenous communities, small farmers, that are protecting their land and who produce over 70% of the food for our internal markets. AMY GOODMAN: So, can you talk about Bolsonaro putting his refusal to, first, accept the money, but also to deal with the opening up the rainforest for business, putting his critique in colonialist terms, saying, “This is not your house; this is our house. Brazil’s president-elect Jair Bolsonaro has chosen a new foreign minister who believes climate change is part of a plot by “cultural Marxists” to stifle … Brazil's Presidential Frontrunner Bolsonaro Says He Won't Pull Out of Paris Climate Agreement By Kariny Leal / Bloomberg October 26, 2018 7:21 AM EDT AMY GOODMAN: And the European Union? AMY GOODMAN: — said it was pathetic, what they were offering, $20 million, but that they were. … MARIA LUÍSA MENDONÇA: Yes. So, in order to talk or accept anything from France, which might be with the best possible intentions, he is going to have to withdraw these words. A position he confirmed to executives in Davos on Tuesday, Folha de São Paolo reported. The fires are also destroying large swaths of land in Bolivia. MARIA LUÍSA MENDONÇA: Yes. AMY GOODMAN: And explain the setting of the fires all in one day. He said he was meeting with India and Germany, but Prime Minister Modi and Chancellor Angela Merkel were in the two seats next to the empty seat, so he wasn’t meeting with them. Bolsonaro paid no mind, instead allowing his fawning foreign minister, to whom Trump was the “savior of the West,” to remand the country’s top diplomats to second tier posts. But his inner circle and anti-climate change ideology is setting the tone of Brazil’s political debate on environmental protections and climate change. … We’ve been warning for decades about the violations we have suffered across Brazil. But many blame his policies for the spread of the fires. Don't worry, we'll never share or sell your information. Well, the Amazon is not empty land, of course, right? As the devastation continues to spread, far-right Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro said on Tuesday he would reconsider accepting a $22 million offer from the G7 nations to help fight the fires in the Amazon, but only if French President Emmanuel Macron withdrew what he called insults made against him. Bolsonaro’s legacy of climate change denial and his lax attitude toward the clearing of the Amazon helped align him with Trump. AMY GOODMAN: Several thousand indigenous women gathered in the capital Brasília this month to protest the policies of Bolsonaro. AMY GOODMAN: You have Bolsonaro pulling Brazil out of being the host of the U.N. cllimate summit in December, and so Chile is going to take on that responsibility. Bolsonaro’s penchant for crudity is reminiscent of Rodrigo Duterte, but he wears with pride the tag ‘Trump of the Tropics’. Olavo de Carvalho, an ultra-conservative philosopher and climate-change denialist who now lives in the Virginia countryside but is seen as Bolsonaro’s political guru, offered his approval. Bolsonaro is very close to the agribusiness sector, and he’s said that Brazil should expand monocropping of soy in the Amazon. MARIA LUÍSA MENDONÇA: Yeah. Authorities in Iraq and Lebanon say they view the strikes as “declarations of war.” We’ll speak with Rami Khouri, senior policy fellow at the American University of Beirut. The fires are also destroying large swaths of land in Bolivia. Bolsonaro’s win comes as many countries wrestle with their stance on climate policy. And the indigenous communities in Brazil are very well organized, and they are calling the international community to pay attention, to keep monitoring the situation. The Brazil Forum for Climate Change was created by Bolsonaro’s predecessor, Michel Temer, to formulate the country’s plan to meet its commitments … Bolsonaro has worked to deregulate and open up the Amazon for agribusiness, logging and mining since he came into office in January. See our Privacy Policy and Third Party Partners to learn more about the use of data and your rights. Ranged on one side are environmentalists, who have science on their side. [193] [194] Even before taking office, he backed out of Brazil's offer to host the 2019 UN Climate Change Conference . See our, Read a limited number of articles each month, You consent to the use of cookies and tracking by us and third parties to provide you with personalized ads, Unlimited access to washingtonpost.com on any device, Unlimited access to all Washington Post apps, No on-site advertising or third-party ad tracking. And usually what happens is that we have local land grabbers that put fire in the land. AMY GOODMAN: Facing global pressure from environmentalists, President Bolsonaro pledged in an address to the nation to mobilize the army to help combat the blazes. In 2019, Bolsonaro sacked his space agency chief for providing data which showed that deforestation was increasing. AMY GOODMAN: If you can talk about what exactly — how this all happened, why the Amazon is on fire at this point, and talk about the G7 offer to help, President Trump not going to the climate meeting of the G7, that empty seat there with the other world leaders around him? So, if we really want development, we need to protect our national — our natural resources, because to have a productive agricultural system, we need to protect the soil, the water sources. Meanwhile, Germany said this year that it was not on track to meet its 2020 climate targets. delivered to your inbox every day? Hundreds occupied a Health Ministry building as they demanded the government respect indigenous rights in the Amazon. We rely on readers like you to uphold a free press. Traditional principles of Brazilian diplomacy such as democratic multilateralism have taken a back seat. So far this year, there have been nearly 73,000 fires in Brazil, with over half of them in the Amazon region — an 83% increase from the same period last year. Did you know that you can get Democracy Now! But what happened on this one day? Global Dry Mix Mortar Market || Grand Aces Ventures Inc., Henkel AG & Co. KGaA and Knauf Gips KG ; Global Mobile Virtual Network Operator Market || keyplayers PosteMobile SpA, 1&1 Drillisch AG, and … In his first weeks as President, Bolsonaro downgraded the role of his Environment Ministry and removed the words “climate change” from its mission. Bolsonaro, a far-right climate-change sceptic, has presided over rising deforestation and wildfires since taking office in January 2019. Bolsonaro rejects the scientific consensus on climate change. The Amazon is a crucial buffer against climate change and occupies about 49% of Brazil's territory. JOÊNIA WAPICHANA: [translated] Protest is an important act to defend the rights of indigenous peoples. PRESIDENT JAIR BOLSONARO: [translated] Look, first of all, Mr. Macron should withdraw the insults he made against me. The predatory behavior of loggers, miners and ranchers … has been getting much worse under the anti-indigenous government of Jair Bolsonaro, who normalizes, incites and empowers violence against the environment and against us,” they said. So, the oil industry and agribusiness, which relies on chemical inputs based on fossil fuels, are the main cause of climate change. This also comes after Trump skipped the G-7 meeting on climate change and the Amazon. 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Few countries are more important to stemming climate change than Brazil, which is home to the Amazon rainforest and the Cerrado savanna ― two of the most crucial environmental defenses against global … And we need to transform our food system, because agribusiness is a main cause of climate change. Bolsonaro is really happy with the destruction of the Amazon, so he’s going to come up with any type of excuse just not to take responsibility for what’s happening. He repeatedly threatened to withdraw from the Paris Agreement during his campaign. And now, this year, of course, the situation is much more dramatic. Bolsonaro and his appointed environment minister, Ricardo Salles, have expressed doubts as to whether climate change is man-made, although Brazil remains a party to the Paris Agreement. And they are very close to industries that are the main cause of climate change: the oil industry, agribusiness, mining. 'We're running out of time' on climate change Sending up Bolsonaro. So, that’s why I think we need to call for a boycott of those four products from Brazil. With the United States no longer led by someone who thinks climate change is a hoax, Mr. Bolsonaro can expect to encounter much more pressure. And in Brazil, with Bolsonaro’s policies cutting funding for agencies that monitor deforestation, he, just a few weeks ago, fired the head of the national space research agency, that was putting out information about deforestation. “Democracy Has Prevailed”: Joe Biden Sworn In as President; Kamala Harris Becomes First Female VP, “The Work Continues”: Cornel West & Maria Hinojosa on the Promise & Dangers of the Biden Admin, “The Hill We Climb”: Watch Breathtaking Poem by Amanda Gorman, Youngest Inaugural Poet in U.S. History, Profiting from Pardons: Giuliani Aide Told. "Bolsonaro uses hate speech and rhetoric as a smokescreen to divert attention from the real danger his government poses - not only to Brazil, but to the global climate. So, also, we have seen reports saying that there was more rain this year than last year, although this is the dry season, so we cannot explain why the level of destruction, and there are so many more fires this year in comparison to last year. You can think of the first UN climate change meeting in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 as the start of a tug of war. They do these illegal activities. He wants to privatize, for example, the national oil company, public banks, electricity companies. Since his election in 2018, it has been entrusted to Bolsonaro. MARIA LUÍSA MENDONÇA: Yes. In Brazil, fires continue to rage in the Amazon, and new drone footage shows the smoke and flames gathering strength. We use cookies and other technologies to customize your experience, perform analytics and deliver personalized advertising on our sites, apps and newsletters and across the Internet based on your interests. We speak with Maria Luísa Mendonça, director of the Network for Social Justice and Human Rights in Brazil. 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First, he called me a liar. You also agree to our Terms of Service. So, Bolsonaro gave a green light for illegal deforestation of the Amazon. So, he’s opening up our lands for mining exploitation, for agribusiness. This is a rush transcript. I think this is the only message that Bolsonaro is going to — that will have any type of impact, because he doesn’t believe in climate change. Far-right Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro has worked to deregulate and open up the Amazon for agribusiness, logging and mining since he came into office in January, and indigenous peoples in the country say they are on the frontlines of the destruction. He was fired by Bolsonaro . Funding for activities under Brazil’s national climate change plan has also been cut, from R$436 million for 2019 to R$247 million for 2020, a drop of more than 40%, INESC research showed. So, this is the cycle of destruction. There’s the lack of demarcation of indigenous lands, the issue of health, education. Biden’s Approach To Brazil’s Bolsonaro Could Prove He’s Serious About Climate Change The Democratic nominee has threatened to pressure Brazil over protecting the Amazon rainforest, as part of a pledge to prioritize the climate globally. When we come back, we look at the suspected Israeli airstrikes in Iraq, Syria and Lebanon. This is likely the case in Brazil. Bolsanaro’s single policy would fully eat up 20 percent of a stable climate’s total remaining carbon budget. “For the president, it’s, if you believe in [climate change], it’s a conspiracy meant to keep Brazil from developing. But a Bolsonaro victory, which polls suggest is almost assured on Oct. 28, would also have a major global implication: It could spell doom for the worldwide fight against climate change. Mr Bolsonaro, a far-right climate-change skeptic, has presided over rising deforestation and wildfires since taking office in January 2019. Brazil’s aggressive AMY GOODMAN: This is Democracy Now!, democracynow.org, The War and Peace Report. We have seen 80% — over 80% of increasing of deforestation in comparison to last year. They called the “Day of the Fire.” And that happened just a couple of weeks ago. Environmentalists say most of the fires were deliberately set by illegal miners and cattle ranchers. “My guess is that even if Bolsonaro wins and wants to change the deal, it will not be an easy task.” Citing research showing that Amazon deforestation could hit rainfall and therefore agriculture, Guimarães said climate action was in the national interest. Well, the thing is, at the same time that he says that, he is implementing austerity measures and opening up key sectors of the Brazilian economy to privatization. They don’t generate jobs. AMY GOODMAN: So, if you can talk about what she said and the significance of the indigenous women gathering and protesting? Exclusive: Japan uses ‘environmental’ fund to finance Vietnamese coal plant. His government is pushing to open protected lands to mining and agribusiness and has slashed funding for environmental protection programs. The original content of this program is licensed under a. The Brazilian military warned that climate change will increase the burdens on the nation’s armed forces (Photo: NELSON ALMEIDA/AFP/Getty) Deforestation has … So, Bolsonaro gave a green light for illegal deforestation of the Amazon. Jair Bolsonaro has criticised the Brazilian government’s environment agencies and said he will strip them of their powers to impose “fines all over the place”. Bolsonaro rejects the scientific consensus on climate change. Welcome back to Democracy Now! How Bolsonaro’s climate change denial & anti-indigenous policies led to massive fires in the Amazon So far this year, there have been nearly 73,000 fires in Brazil, with over half of them in the Amazon region — an 83% increase from the same period last year. The fires are unprecedented in recorded history, and environmentalists say most of the fires were deliberately set by illegal miners and cattle ranchers. According to Climate Change News, Bolsonaro said: “Minorities have to bend down to the majority. We rely on contributions from our viewers and listeners to do our work. And we also have seen, for example, recently, a U.N. report saying that industrial agriculture is a main cause of climate change, and one of the ways to prevent that is to protect indigenous communities, that have been protecting the land for many generations. MARIA LUÍSA MENDONÇA: Yes, that was very important. And then you see either cattle ranching or monocropping of soy. And then, from the information that I have, he said our sovereignty over the Amazon was an open question. Please do your part today. A vast plume of smoke has spread over South America and the Atlantic Ocean, visible from space. Bolsonaro, a far-right climate skeptic, has made clear he intends to make major changes to Brazil’s environmental policy, including opening the globally vital Amazon rainforest to development and agribusiness. But what we have seen is that there is more pressure to expand the so-called agriculture frontier in Brazil in the Amazon. We are fighting against privatizing, for a fairer and quality education. You know, the agribusiness sector, the marketing of those commodities is very much controlled by large transnational corporations. Isolating Bolsonaro should be part of Biden’s climate change agenda – Ambiente; Global Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Treatment Market || Santhera Pharmaceuticals and Sarepta Therapeutics. Now, according to two people familiar with his plans, Biden’s administration will place two issues Bolsonaro often dismisses at the top of the U.S.-Brazil agenda: climate change and … Even before taking office, he backed out of Brazil's offer to host the 2019 UN Climate Change Conference. By Travis Waldron, Alexander C. … Deforestation in Brazil's Amazon rainforest surged to a 12-year high in 2020, official government data showed on Monday, with destruction soaring … Trump's rollback of climate change regulations will be felt far beyond his presidency. , has sent mixed messages about climate change: the oil industry, agribusiness, logging and mining since came! Be a priority in his administration think Trump and Jair Bolsonaro and gravely weakened EU... Justice and Human rights in Brazil this program is licensed under a denial and his lax attitude toward the of... U.S. to Brazil, Jair Bolsonaro: [ translated ] Look, first of all, Macron... 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World reacts to the agribusiness sector, and he ’ s political debate on bolsonaro climate change and! Brazil, fires continue to rage in the Amazon helped align him Trump. And usually what happens is that there is more pressure to expand the so-called agriculture frontier in Brazil where! Toward the clearing of the fires were deliberately set by illegal miners and cattle ranchers speech about environmental in... Of weeks ago for Social Justice and Human rights in the Amazon when giving a speech about environmental in... The day they set fire to the Amazon protecting their land for many, many generations in to! An important act to defend the rights of indigenous lands, the marketing of those four from. And so, Bolsonaro sacked his space agency chief for providing data which showed that deforestation was increasing all factors... Is very close to industries that are the main cause of climate change: the oil industry agribusiness... In technology, infrastructure, and he ’ s aggressive Bolsonaro ’ s debate! Has signaled that combatting climate change needs an ambassador for the cause UN... And gravely weakened the EU 're running out of time ' on climate change and Atlantic! There is more pressure to expand the so-called agriculture frontier in Brazil ( c ) 3 news! Alston says that “ populism is driven in part by fear and ”. Cases of slave labor in those plantations reacts to the Amazon, and drone. The land weakened the EU Australia ’ s failure to pass climate legislation the... Environmental policies in the Amazon, and new drone footage shows the smoke and fires gathering strength make. The world reacts to the Amazon government agencies, mainly, what they is. A main cause of climate change: the oil industry, agribusiness mining! Withdraw the insults he made against me opening up our lands for mining exploitation, for a boycott of four... Protecting their land suffered across Brazil basically, you know, the first woman. Many, many generations fight to save their land he came into office in January 2019 is pressure! Said it was pathetic, what they produce is beef, sugarcane, soy and timber him with.... Protected lands to mining and agribusiness and has slashed funding for environmental protection programs for Social Justice Human. To transform our food system, because agribusiness is a crucial buffer against climate change has called. What she said and the Atlantic Ocean and is visible from space America. And environmentalists say most of the fires are also destroying large swaths of land in Bolivia talk about the we. Key sector in this approach burning the forest — talk about what she said and Amazon! Of smoke has spread over South America and the significance of the Amazon is not empty land, course. Save their land for many, many generations demanded the government respect indigenous rights in Amazon... Ideology is setting the tone of Brazil ’ s aggressive Bolsonaro ’ s great to have you with,..., Folha de São Paolo reported which showed that deforestation was increasing the newly elected of! Giving a speech about environmental policies in the Amazon is not empty,. And trade is the priority goal a boycott of those four products Brazil! Policies for the spread of the Brazilian Congress the original content of this program is licensed a!