Humans have lived in the Arctic for thousands of years.Today there are more than 2 million people living north of 60°N, many in modern settlements. Here, it carries the bulk of the Antarctic ice sheet. In the summer months, thousands of tourists make the journey to experience the otherworldly icescapes and wildlife of the south. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. Water warms and cools more slowly than land, so areas near the sea have fewer extremes of temperature. The polar regions cover the ends of the Earth like caps, and the Arctic is just slightly larger than Antarctica. The primary difference between the Arctic and the Antarctic is a geological one. The Arctic landscape is extremely diverse, from the dramatic icebergs that calve off the Greenland Ice Sheet to the delicate flowers and berries that bloom across the Arctic tundra in summer, and brilliant displays from deciduous shrubs in the autumn. The Arctic: Cruising season is determined largely by the sea ice. Antarctica has no permanent human population, Cape petrels, Antarctic prions, skuas, terns, cormorants and snow petrels, Antarctica, published by Australian Geographic, Arctic kayaking trips on top of the world, Top things to do in Aberdeen before your Arctic Circle Cruise. During the non-breeding season, groups are sexually segregated, and dominance is based on the size of their bodies and tusks. Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. While the two look the same at a simple glance, there is a great difference between the two. Similarly, the Artic actually encompasses a vast ocean, the Artic Ocean to be exact, whereas the Antarctic mainly comprises of the Antarctic continent. The Arctic covers an area of approximately 14.5 million square km (5.5 million square miles). Antarctica is known for being the highest, driest, coldest and windiest continent on earth. The shield is very depressed in the centre of Antarctica. It is the ocean surrounding Antarctica that is a unique area on the surface of the earth called Antarctic convergence. Filed Under: Geography Tagged With: Antarctic, antarctic and antarctica, antarctic definition, Antarctica, antarctica and antarctic, antarctica definition, Koshal is a graduate in Language Studies with a Master's Degree in Linguistics. The city …, Terms & Conditions | Privacy Policy | © 2021 Aurora Expeditions, Suite 12, Level 2, 35 Buckingham Street, Surry Hills, Sydney, NSW 2010, Australia. Our cruises will take you as far as the Antarctic Peninsula, including the Falkland Islands, South Shetland Islands, and South Georgia. However, the truth is somewhat different, and this article attempts to highlight the differences between Antarctic and Antarctica. Snowfall tends to be low, except near the ice edge. Quiz: Arctic vs Antarctic: Can you tell which is which? Some even have the chance to stand on the sea ice at the northernmost point on Earth. Each year, a few lucky travellers visit the North Pole. The Antarctic is considerably colder than the Arctic. See how well you know the Poles and the regions surrounding them. Polar bears can also cover amazing distances at sea: they can swim 48 km (30 mi) regularly, and up to 354 km (220 mi) at a stretch, before they need to find sea ice or land to rest. • Antarctica is the world’s 2nd smallest continent lying in Antarctic region in the South Pole. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. A region with vaguely defined limits, it extends over six countries that border the Arctic Ocean: Canada, the USA (Alaska), Denmark (Greenland), Russia, Norway and Iceland. Harp seals are best known for the pure white coats of their young pups. Several species of albatross can be spotted in these parts, including the royal, black-browed and wandering albatross, which has a wingspan up to 3.7 m (12 ft 2 in), the longest known wingspan on Earth. It holds the coldest temperature record at -129F, and winds in the winter here can reach up to 200 miles per hour. Large reserves of ice have a cooling effect on the air above them. There are 8 countries within the Arctic region: Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia, the United States (Alaska), Canada, Denmark (Greenland), and Iceland. The Arctic is the polar region at the north of the planet, where polar bears roam. It’s not uncommon to spot giant petrels soaring past the bridge as we sail, or delicate Wilson’s storm petrels dancing on the surface of the water, foraging for copepods. Scientists estimate that approximately half of this is taken up by the seals, penguins and whales that rely on krill as their main source of food. The Arctic pole is located in the Northern Hemisphere within the deep Arctic Ocean, while the Antarctic pole is smack in the middle of the ice-covered Antarctica. • Antarctic region contains Antarctica, island territories that are situated in the Southern Ocean, and floating ice sheets on ocean. There are over 60 research stations, where staff reside seasonally or annually. • Antarctic convergence encircles Antarctic as well as Antarctica. The Polar region in the southern most point of the earth is referred to as Antarctic. This forms giant icebergs that melt as they float north throughout the summer. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Large areas lie deeper than 1,000 m below sea level. If it’… Their fur is longer and finer than most temperate hares, and they have shorter ears. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Musk oxen have historically been associated with the hunting cultures of early mankind. Find out the REAL reasons you're not allowed to go explore the antartica that is the south poleSubscribe for more amazing videos! Cape petrels, Antarctic prions, skuas, terns, cormorants and snow petrels also thrive on the Southern Ocean. Antarctica is covered by ice throughout the year, less than 5% of Antarctica is free of ice. Even when it’s covered by ice, the Arctic Ocean has a moderating effect on the climate, helping to keep the Arctic slightly warmer than Antarctica. If you continue without changing your settings, you are giving your consent for us to set cookies. The sea beneath the North Pole is frozen into huge plates of sea ice, which are constantly moving, and there is no marker to mark the spot. Antarctica and the Arctic are polar opposites in more than just location. There is another word called Antarctic that confuses many as they think that both refer to one and the same in the world. Fortunately for Arctic and Antarctic travellers, we steer clear of the polar regions in winter, and we never visit the chilly South Pole! The Arctic is a sea of ice surrounded by land and located at the highest latitudes of the northern hemisphere. Due to the extremely cold climate of the region, you cannot see many animals in the region. It includes the Transantarctic Mountains, which are over 4,000 m in elevation. Nina is the author of Antarctica, published by Australian Geographic in September 2020. Crabeater seals mostly eat krill – never crabs! The winter average at the South Pole is a seriously nippy -60°C (-76°F). Some Ross seal eyes are 7cm (2.75 in) in diameter, to help them see in the dark. Antarctica is the polar region at the south of the planet, home of the penguins. We use cookies to enhance your user experience. • Antarctic region lies in South Pole opposite the Arctic region on North Pole. Although the Arctic has many rugged mountain ranges and stunning alpine peaks, much of the region lies at sea level, on the Arctic Ocean. Find out more about some of the wonderful wildlife you could spot on a voyage to Antarctica here. This quiz couldn’t be more straightforward. The land mass is very important for human beings to conduct scientific experiments and to analyze the effects of global warming and pollution on sea animals found here. Antarctica is the coldest place on Earth. These impressive predators are also incredible swimmers, with records of polar bears swimming some 80 km (50 miles) from any land or floe. Polar bears are the largest land carnivore in the world and the largest member of the bear family. There are many small shrubs, grasses and sedges in the arctic tundra. A cold desolate continent covered in miles of ice and snow year-round, the south pole of Antarctica … This had not been verified by the World Meteorological Organization at the time of writing. If you could lift the ice off the South Pole in Antarctica you would find a rocky landmass (or landmasses) of gorges, canyons and mountain ranges, much like the other great continents on our planet. But few things so perfectly express the polarities of our planet as its literal magnetic poles – or more generally, the Arctic (north) vs. Antarctica (south). Antarctica is actually a desert, and it's the largest desert in the world. It is dominated by a huge continent covered in ice, and completely surrounded by the Southern Ocean. Antarctica is the windiest continent on the planet, which makes cold temperatures feel even colder due to wind chill. • Antarctic region including Antarctica has some species of animals that can bear the cold temperature such as seals, penguins, blue whales, orcas, etc. The exact location of the South Pole is marked with a stake, which has to be moved each year. From October to March, large patches of the Arctic Ocean are frozen making them almost impossible to navigate. There are 6 Antarctic seal species that flourish in the cool haven of the Southern Ocean. The Arctic is not as cold as the Antarctic for two main reasons, firstly the effect of the sea that doesn't fall below -2°C which means that the whole of the arctic polar region and coastal regions are kept relatively warm even though the sea is covered by ice. Camille Seaman describes how enterprising people and organisms have found ways to reside … While there is no landmass at North Pole with Arctic being an oceanic basin underneath a thin layer of ice, South Pole has a land mass which we call as Antarctica, the second smallest continent of the world, the smallest being Australia. Stand at the North Pole (Arctic) Vs Fly to the Antarctic Islands (Antarctic) At Regent, we'll give you the rare opportunity to join an exclusive club of travellers ever to stand at the top of the world, reaching the North Pole aboard the most powerful icebreaker vessel ever built.With its 75,000 horsepower, the I/B 50 Years of Victory is the most powerful icebreaker ever built. The South Pole is one of the most remote, cold, windy places on Earth, and very few people visit. It was in 1959 that 43 countries of the world signed Antarctica Treaty forbidding any mining and exploration on this virgin landmass and also to cooperate with each other in an endeavor to conduct scientific research for the betterment of life and human beings in particular. There is no single Arctic continent under the Arctic ice, but there are many smaller landmasses including Greenland, Svalbard and parts of Asia, North America and Europe. They even make occasional visits to the Geographic North Pole, in the middle of the Arctic Ocean. Admittedly, there are numerous similarities between these two regions, and at first glance they’re easily confused for one another. Wildlife. It comes as a surprise to many visitors to Antarctica, but polar bears only live in the Arctic - … It is dominated by the Arctic Ocean and includes Greenland, Svalbard and several other landmasses. The average winter temperature at the North Pole is -40°C (-40°F): the kind of temperature you might see in Canada or North America during a winter cold snap. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Temperatures drop by about 1°C (33°F) for every 100 metres (320 feet) of altitude you gain, so Antarctica’s high altitude has a big impact on its temperature. Another way to tell the Antarctic and Arctic apart is to note that the Antarctic has penguins, whereas the Arctic has the polar bears. M below sea level in the cool haven of the Arctic populations Greenland... Ice-Sheets crack and split coldest temperature record at -129F, and one is their size them almost impossible to.! Highest latitudes of the water around Antarctica becomes freshwater from these melting ice-sheets and glaciers that... The only Antarctic seal that uses fur for insulation, in addition to blubber in both the Ocean. 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